Jean Pierre Niceron

Jean Pierre Niceron, a French author, bora in Paris, March 11, 1G85, died July 8, 1738. He was a member of the order of Barnabites and a relative of Jean Francois Nicéron, the writer on optics. After teaching Latin and rhetoric in provincial colleges, he devoted himself to the preparation of his Memoires pour servir a l'histoire des liommes illustrcs de la republique des lettrcs, arec un catalor/ue rai-sonne de leurs ouviviges (43 vols. 12mo, Paris, 1727-'45), the last four volumes of which were published by Pere Oudin, Michault, and the abbe Goujet. The work is valuable for information, but has slight literary merit.

Jean Rodolphe Huber

Jean Rodolphe Huber, a Swiss painter, born in Basel in 1668, died in 1748. He studied in Switzerland and in Italy, and executed works for various German princes, including historical pictures for the palace of the duke of Wttr-temberg at Stuttgart. He excelled in correctness of drawing and vigorous coloring, and on account of his surprising facility in portrait painting was called the Tintoretto of Switzerland, though greatly inferior to that master.

Jean Victor Schnetz

Jean Victor Schnetz, a French painter, born in Versailles, May 15,1787, died in Paris, March 15, 1870. He studied under David, Regnault, and Gros, and was director of the French academy in Rome for many years. He executed numerous historical, religious, and genre pictures; the most popular are: "The Gypsy foretelling the Future of Sixtus V.," "Christ calling little Children unto Him," "St. Geneviève," "Jeremiah," "The Capuchin Physician," "The Monk engaged in Prayer," and a pastoral scene from the vicinitv of Rome.

Jeas Immannel Baggesev

Jeas Immannel Baggesev, a Danish poet, born at Korsor in Seel and, Feb. 15, 1764, died in Hamburg, Oct. 3, 1826. He was educated at Copenhagen, and gained considerable reputation while still young by his comic tales and a collection of odes and songs. The most re-markable of his writings is his Labyrinthen, a species of autobiography. He wrote many lyrical poems in German - a language which he used with the same facility as his native tongue. A collection of these appeared at Hamburg in 1803, and at Amsterdam in 1808. His best German work is his poem Parthe-nais, of which a French translation appeared in 1810. He was appointed professor of the Danish language at Kiel in 1811. A few years later he returned to Denmark, but finally left his native country in 1820. A new edition of his Danish writings appeared in 1845, in 12 volumes, at Copenhagen. A collection of his German writings was also made in 1836.

Jeffery Hudson

See Dwarf.


Jelalabad, a town of Afghanistan, capital of a province of the same name, 75 m. E. of Cabool, near the Cabool river. The stationary population is little more than 2,000, but is increased to 20,000 in the cold season by the influx from the neighboring mountains. It is wretchedly built and filthy, but has a considerable commerce and a large bazaar. It is renowned for the heroism displayed here by a single English brigade under Gen. Sale, who, after sustaining a long siege, defeated in March, 1842, a large Afghan force. (See Afghanistan.) - Jelalabad or Jullalabad is also the name of another town in Afghanistan, formerly Dooshak or Deshtak, capital of Seistan, near the mouth of the Helmund, 240 m. W. by S. of Candahar; pop. about 10,000. It is well built, chiefly of brick, and is the residence of a prince called king of Seistan.