Jemima Wilkinson

Jemima Wilkinson, an American fanatic, born in Cumberland, R. I., in 1753, died at Jerusalem, Yates co., N. Y., July 1, 1819. She was educated as a Quaker. At the age of 20, after a severe fever and an apparent suspension of life, she professed to have been raised from the dead, and pretended to work miracles. She was attractive and shrewd, and obtained many followers and held them in subjection, insisting upon the Shaker doctrine of celibacy. She assumed the name of "universal friend," was accompanied by two " witnesses," Sarah Richards and Rachel Miller, and in her religious meetings adopted Shaker forms. In 1786 her followers resolved to found a colony in what is now the town of Torrey, Yates co., N. Y. In 1789, 14,000 acres were purchased, to which the town of Jerusalem was afterward added. At her death the sect was entirely broken up.

Jengis Khan

See Genghis Khan.


See Yenisei.


Jennings, a S. E. county of Indiana, drained by tributaries of Muscatatuck river; area, 375 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 16,218. The surface is diversified, and the soil is moderately fertile. The Jeffersonville, Madison, and Indianapolis, and the Ohio and Mississippi railroads intersect at Vernon. The chief productions in 1870 were 147,879 bushels of wheat, 402,268 of Indian corn, 88,242 of oats, 41,236 of potatoes, 48,293 lbs. of wool, 232,299 of butter, and 12,-903 tons of hay. There were 4,837 horses, 4,012 milch cows, 6,246 other cattle, 17,085 sheep, and 20,295 swine; 8 manufactories of carriages, 1 of iron castings, 2 of brick and stone masonry, 1 distillery, 4 flour mills, and 14 saw mills. Capital, Vernon.

Jens Jacob Asmassen Worsaae

Jens Jacob Asmassen Worsaae, a Danish archaeologist, born at Veile, Jutland, March 14, 1821. He was connected with the museum of northern antiquities from 1838 to 1843, and afterward made archaeological explorations in foreign countries. In 1847 he was appointed inspector of national antiquities, and in 1861 director. From 1854 to 1865 he was also professor of Danish archasology in the university of Copenhagen. His works include Danmark's Oldtid (Copenhagen, 1843; English translation by Thorns, "The Primeval Antiquities of Denmark," London, 1849); Minder om de Danske og Nordmändene i England, Scotland og Irland (1852; English translation, "Account of the Danes in England, Ireland, and Scotland," 1852); and Den Danske Erobring af England og Normandiet (1863). Several of his works have been translated into German and French.


Jephthah, the ninth judge of Israel, natural son of Gilead. He was exiled by his half brothers after the death of his father, and dwelt in the land of Tob. There he gained renown as leader of a band of border rovers, and was at length chosen by the Gileadites to be their commander in a defensive war against the Ammonites. He, however, chose to attack the enemy in their own country, first making an oath that if victorious he would sacrifice to the Lord whatsoever should first come forth from his house to meet him on his return. He conquered the Ammonites, and when he returned his daughter, an only child, issued from his house to greet him with timbrels and with dances. It is stated that at her own request "he did with her according to his vow;" but some commentators suppose that he only consecrated her to perpetual virginity. Jephthah ruled Israel six years. The sacrifice of his daughter is the subject of oratorios by Handel (1751) and Reinthaler (1855).