Jessamine, a central county of Kentucky, bounded S. by Kentucky river; area, 160 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,638, of whom 3,439 were colored. It has a somewhat diversified surface, with a soil of more than ordinary richness. The Kentucky Central railroad terminates at the county seat. The chief productions in 1870 were 79,562 bushels of wheat, 30,176 of rye, 409,505 of Indian corn, 58,740 of oats, 13,644 of potatoes, 14,175 lbs. of wool, and 78,915 of butter. There were 2,594 horses, 1,016 mules and asses, 1,543 milch cows, 3,889 other cattle, 3,483 sheep, and 10,150 swine; 3 manufactories of carriages, 1 of bagging, and 1 distillery. Capital, Nicholasville.
Jesse D Bright,, an American senator, born at Norwich, Chenango co., N. Y., Dec. 18, 1812. He settled in Indiana, where he practised law, and held several offices, among which were those of state senator and lieutenant governor. He was chosen United States senator in 1845, and reelected for two successive terms. He was a strong adherent of the democratic party. Early in 1862 he was charged with disloyalty, the principal evidence being that on the 1st of March, 1861, after the organization of the confederate government, he wrote a letter addressed to " Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States," recommending to him a person who was desirous of furnishing arms. For this he was, by a vote of 32 to 14, expelled the senate, Feb. 2, 1862. He afterward settled in Kentucky.
Jesse Ramsden, an English instrument maker, born at Salterhebble, near Halifax, Yorkshire, in 1735, died in Brighton, Nov. 5, 1800. He was at first a cloth dresser, but in 1758 bound himself to an instrument maker in London, and he early opened a shop of his own. He improved the construction of the sextant so as to reduce the limit of error from 5' to 30". He married the daughter of Dol-lond, and acquired a part of Dollond's patent for achromatic telescopes. The telescopes erected by him at the observatories of Blenheim, Mannheim, Dublin, Paris, and Gotha were remarkable for the superiority of their object glasses. One of his most celebrated productions was a dividing machine of great perfection. By his will a large portion of his fortune was distributed among his workmen. He was a fellow of the royal society, and of the imperial academy of St. Petersburg.
Jessulmeer, a town of British India, capital of a native state of the same name, the westernmost of Rajpootana, situated in a rocky district, 190 m. N. E. of Hydrabad on the Indus; pop. estimated at from 30,000 to 40,000, nearly all Hindoos, the ruling class being the Bhatti tribe of Rajpoots. It is one of the finest towns in that part of India, about 2 m. in circuit, with gates, ramparts, and bastions, and a lofty citadel enclosing six temples and other remarkable buildings, and the palace of the maha Ra-wul, the sovereign, which is surmounted by a huge metal umbrella. The dwellings are remarkably well built. The most conspicuous building has five stories of cut stone, and a sixth of timber, surmounted by five cupolas. Opium is used to excess. There is little trade, and the fortifications are decaying.