Joachim Von Sandrart

Joachim Von Sandrart, a German painter, born in Frankfort, May 12, 1606, died in Nuremberg, Oct. 14, 1688. He was a pupil of Gerhard Honthorst, and was employed by the emperor Ferdinand III. and Maximilian of Bavaria. He published the Academia Artis Pic-torioe, Romoe Antiquoe et Novoe Theatrum, and other works, which were translated into German (8 vols. fol., Nuremberg, 1769-75).

Joan Perez De Montalvan

Joan Perez De Montalvan, a Spanish dramatist, born in Madrid in 1602, died in June, 1638. His father was bookseller to the king, and the son became a licentiate in theology at the age of 17. He enjoyed the instruction of Lope de Vega, and very early wrote for the stage. At the age of 30 he had written 36 dramas and 12 autos sacramentales; and he became crazy from overwork. He left about 60 plays (Alca-la, 1638; Madrid, 1639). He wrote Orfeo, a poem (1624); "Life and Purgatory of St. Patrick" (1627); a collection of stories Para todos ("For Everybody," 1632); and a panegyric on Lope de Vega (1636).

Joannes Stobaeus

Joannes Stobaeus, a Greek compiler, probably born at Stobi in Macedonia, lived probably in the 5th century A. D. He made extracts from more than 500 Greek authors, many of whom are not otherwise known to us. The work was early divided into two portions, the one called "Anthology" (Florile-gium) or Sermones, the other " Physical, Dialectical, and Ethical Extracts" (Eclogm Phy-sicoe, Dialccticoe et Ethicoe). The best edition of both portions is that of Meineke (6 vols., Leipsic, 1855-'62).

Joannes Zoiyaras

Joannes Zoiyaras, a Byzantine historian of the 12th century, born in Constantinople. Under Alexis Comn*enus he was commander of the imperial body guard and first private secretary to the emperor. During the reign of John Comnenus he entered a monastery on Mount Athos, and there spent the remainder of his life in retirement and study. His principal works are his Chronicon or Annales from the creation of the world to A. D. 1118 (last ed. by Dindorf, Leipsic, 1868), and "An Exposition of the Sacred Canons, and those of the Apostles, Councils, Synods, and Ecclesiastical Fathers," printed in Greek and Latin by Beveridge in his Pandectoe Canonum (fol., Oxford, 1672).


Joanny, a French actor, whose real name was Jean Baptiste Bernard Brissebane, born in Dijon, July 2, 1775, died in Paris, Jan. 5,1849. He was a royal page, a student of art, a soldier, and a clerk in the civil service, before he appeared on the stage in 1797, where he acquired a reputation next to that of Talma, whom he succeeded at the Comedie Francaise in 1826. He excelled in personating Corneille's old Ro-mans, and in Othello and kindred parts; and Victor Hugo ascribed the success of his play Le roi s'amuse to his acting. He retired in 1841, and published poetry and prose writings.

Joao De Barros

Joao De Barros, a Portuguese historian, born in 1496, died in 1570. He was of noble family and early employed about the court. In 1522 he was governor of a Portuguese settlement on the coast of Guinea, and afterward treasurer of the Indies. He was recommended by the king himself to cultivate history, some of his compositions having been read with approval by his majesty. He wrote the history of Portuguese conquest in India, down to 1526, under the title of Asia, in four decades (published 1552-1615). It was continued by Diego de Couto, the historiographer of Philip II. of Spain. The best edition is that of 1777-8, from the royal press of Lisbon. He also wrote a chivalric romance, Cronica do Imperador Clarimundo, and many other works. His style is dignified and his diction elegant and pure. He has been styled the Portuguese Livy.