Johaiin Bayer

Johaiin Bayer, a German astronomer, born in Bavaria about 1572, died in Augsburg about 1660. He was a Protestant preacher, so distinguished for ability that he was called Os Protestantium. His principal work is Ura/iometria (fol., Augsburg, 1603), afterward enlarged under the title of Caelum Stellatum Christianum (1627; new ed., Ulm, 1723), with an astronomical atlas of 51 plates, in which the stars of each constellation were for the first time designated by the first letters of the Greek alphabet. - His grandson, Gottlieb Siegfeied (born in 1694, died in 1738), was professor of Greek and Roman antiquities at St. Petersburg, and author of Museum Sinicum, containing a Chinese grammar, etc, and of various other philological and archaeological works.

Johan Borjesson

Johan Borjesson, a Swedish dramatist, born at Tanum, March 22, 1790, died in Upsal, May 5, 1866. He was minister of the church of Weckholm near Enkoping from 1828 till his death. His first and best drama, Erik XIV. (1846; German translation, 1855), was succeeded by many tragedies. In 1861 he became one of the 18 members of the Swedish academy.

Johan Hire

Johan Hire, a Swedish philologist, born in Lund, March 3, 1707, died Dec. 1, 1780. His father, of Scotch descent, was for a time professor of theology at Upsal. He graduated at the university in 1730, and in 1738 became professor of belles-lettres and political science. His Glossarium Sueco-Gothicum (2 vols., Upsal, 1769) was prepared under the patronage of the government, which allowed him in 1756 a grant of 10,000 Swedish dollars. His dissertations on the Eddas and on Ulfilas are important.

Johan Nils Bystrom

Johan Nils Bystrom, a Swedish sculptor, born at Philipstad, in Wermland, Dec. 18, 1783, died in Rome, March 13, 1848. He was at first engaged in business, but subsequently studied under Sergell at Stockholm, and in 1809 gained the first prize in the Swedish academy of arts. The following year he went to Rome, and produced there "A Drunken Bacchante," which was received with favor at home. From this time he lived partly in Rome and partly in Sweden. In 1815 he exhibited in Stockholm a colossal statue of the crown prince, who commissioned him to execute statues of several of the Swedish kings. His principal works are a "Nymph going into the Bath," "Juno suckling the young Hercules," "Pandora combing her Hair," "A Dancing Girl," a statue of Linnaeus, and colossal statues of Charles XIII., Charles XIV., and Gustavus Adolphus.

Johan Wilhclm Zetterstedt

Johan Wilhclm Zetterstedt, a Swedish naturalist, born in Ostergotland, May 20, 1785, died in Lund, Dec. 23, 1874. He taught botany and natural history in the university of Lund from 1810, made several scientific journeys through northern Europe, and in 1839 was appointed professor of botany and economy. He published Dissertatio de Fcecundatione Plantarum (3 vols., Lund, 1810-'12); Insecta Lapponica (Leipsic, 1838-40); and Diptera Scandinavia (14 vols., Lund, 1842-60), for which he received the great Linnaeus medal from the Stockholm academy of sciences.