Johanna Island

Johanna Island, called also Anzooan, or Hinzuan, the most frequented of the Comoro islands, in Mozambique channel, E. coast of Africa; area, about 400 sq. m.; pop. said to be about 20,000. It is extremely fertile and picturesque. Its centre rises into a single peak, 5,900 ft. above the sea.

Johannes Bosboom

Johannes Bosboom, a Dutch painter, born at the Hague, Feb. 18, 1817. He studied under B. J. van Bree, and his best works are city views and church interiors, including "The Tomb of Engelbert II. of Nassau, in the church at Breda; " " The Great Church of Amsterdam," in the royal gallery at Munich; "Franciscan Monks chanting a Te Deum;" "The Holy Communion in a Protestant Church; " and " The Hall of the Consistory at Nimeguen." The last three pictures obtained a medal at the Paris exposition of 1855; and his " View in the Church of Alkmaar " and " Rotterdam Cathedral " appeared in that of 1867.

Johannes Coccejcs

Johannes Coccejcs, a German Hebraist, whose real name was Cock or Koken, born at Bremen in 1603, died in Leyden, Nov. 4, 1669. At first professor of Hebrew at Bremen, then of Hebrew and theology at Franeker, he finally became professor of theology in Leyden, and wrote voluminous commentaries on the Bible, and numerous other works. He was the founder of a mystical sect who assumed the name of Cocceians.



Johannes Ingenhousz

Johannes Ingenhousz, a Dutch physician, born in Breda in 1730, died at Bowood, England, Sept. 7, 1799. In 1767 he went to London to learn the new mode of inoculation, and in the following year was sent to Vienna to inoculate the children of the imperial family, for which he was rewarded with the titles of aulic councillor and imperial physician, and a pension for life of £600. In 1776 he returned to England. Most of his essays were published in the "Philosophical Transactions."

Johannes Ronge

Johannes Ronge, a German priest, born at Bischofswalde, Prussian Silesia, Oct. 16, 1813. He completed his studies at Breslau, and was chaplain at Grottkau from 1840 to 1843; but for refusing to submit to the discipline of the church he was suspended and afterward excommunicated. In 1844 he addressed a letter to Bishop Arnoldi denouncing the exhibition of the holy coat at Treves as idolatrous, and next he called upon the German Catholics to secede from Rome. His agitation led to the formation of the German Catholic denomination, but most of its members in 1862 joined the national Protestant church. (See German Catholics.) In 1847-'9 Ronge was a prominent democrat, and subsequently he was an exile in London till 1861, when he returned to Germany, where for some time he continued active for reform.

Johannes Schilling

Johannes Schilling, a German sculptor, born at Mittweida, Saxony, June 23, 1828. He studied in Dresden and Berlin, and spent several years in Rome. In 1868 he became professor at the royal academy of art in Dresden. His principal works are "Amor and Psyche," the Schiller monument in Vienna, and especially his four groups representing the seasons, for which he received a first prize in 1861, and which was placed in 1872 on the Brühl terrace in Dresden. In 1872 he also received the second prize of 1,000 thalers for his design for a projected national monument in the Nieder-wald. In 1874 he finished four life-size figures for the Schiller monument in Vienna.