John Brown, a Scottish Biblical critic, born in Perthshire about 1722, died at Haddington, June 19, 1787. While tending sheep on a farm he learned to read, and soon mastered the Latin, Greek, and Hebrew languages. At the age of 26 he opened a school, with the intention of becoming a minister of the Scottish church. He sided with the party who seceded from the church soon after, was ordained, and became pastor of a small Secession congregation in Haddington. Here he learned the Italian, Spanish, German, Dutch, French, Arabic, Persian, Syriac, and Ethiopic languages. His principal works are, a "Dictionary of the Bible," a " Self-Interpreting Bible," and a "History of the British Churches".
John Burnet, a Scottish engraver and painter, born at Fisher Row, near Edinburgh, March 20,1784, died April 29, 1868. He learned etching and engraving during seven years' apprenticeship in Edinburgh, and was a student in drawing and painting at the trustees' academy. In 1806 he went to London, where he engraved Wilkie's "Jew's Harp," "Blind Fiddler," " Rent Day," " Rabbit on the Wall," " Chelsea Pensioners Reading the Gazette of the Battle of Waterloo," " Letter of Introduction," "Death of Tippoo Saib," and "Village School." He also engraved plates from several recent painters, from the Rembrandts in the national gallery, and from some of hi3 own paintings. He published several illustrated works and manuals for artists, " Rembrandt and his Works," "Life and Works of J. M. W. Turner " (with P. Cunningham), etc.
John Butler, a tory leader during the American revolution, born in Connecticut, left his native state before the outbreak of the war, and settled in the valley of Wyoming. Here, at the very beginning of the struggle, he organized a band of marauders and murderers, who were painted and dressed like Indians, but were in reality for the most part Americans in disguise. . At the head of these he plundered and burned the villages of that region, and massacred their inhabitants. For these services the British government on the conclusion of the war granted Butler 5,000 acres of land in Canada, and a pension of £500 a year.
John Byrom, an English poet, born at Ker-sall, near Manchester, in 1691, died in Manchester, Sept. 28, 1763. He was educated at Trinity college, Cambridge, studied medicine in France, and became a member of the royal society. Having married against the wishes of his family, he was deprived of all means of sup-" port, and maintained himself by teaching a system of stenography of his own invention, until the family estates devolved upon him by the death of his elder brother. In the latter part of his life he was a disciple of Jacob Boehm. His reputation rests mainly upon his pastoral "Colin and Phoebe," beginning "My time, O ye muses, was happily spent," which appeared in the "Spectator," No. 603. His works were published at Manchester in 1773 (2 vols. 8vo), and at Leeds in 1814; and his " Private Journal and Literary Remains" at Manchester, 1854-'8.