John Cadwalader

John Cadwalader, an American soldier, born in Philadelphia in 1743, died Feb. 10, 1786. He was a member of the Pennsylvania convention in 1775; and at the commencement of the war was commander of a volunteer company, nearly all the members of which subsequently became officers in the army. In 1777 he was appointed by congress a brigadier general, and took part in the battles of Princeton, Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. He commanded one division of the army in the attact upon Trenton, but was prevented by the ice from crossing the river in season to engage in anything but the pursuit of the defeated enemy. He fought a duel with Gen. Conway on account of his intrigues against Gen. Washington, and was after the war a member of the assembly of Maryland.

John Caird

John Caird, a Scottish clergyman, born at Greenock in 1823. He studied at the university of Glasgow, was licensed as a preacher in 1844, and soon afterward became minister in Edinburgh, but in 1850 went to Errol. In 1858 he delivered in the parish church at Crathy, before the queen and royal famity, a discourse on " Religion in Common Life," which, being published by the royal command, excited much attention. In 1858 he removed to Glasgow, and came to be considered one of the most eloquent preachers in Scotland. A volume of his sermons has been published.

John Callcott Horsley

John Callcott Horsley, an English painter, born in London, Jan. 29, 1817. His father was the musician William Horsley. He became known for his genre pictures, gained in 1843 a prize of £200 for his cartoon representing " St. Augustine Preaching," and subsequently executed many frescoes for the houses of parliament. Among his best known works are "L'Al-legro and II Penseroso," painted for Prince Albert, "A Scene from Don Quixote," "Under the Mistletoes," and "Caught Napping."

John Carver

John Carver, first governor of Plymouth colony, born in England, died at Plymouth, Mass., in April, 1021. He left his country for the sake of religion, and established himself at Leyden, whence he was sent to effect a treaty with the Virginia company concerning territory in North America, He obtained a patent in 1019, and proceeded in the Mayflower with 101 colonists. After a dangerous voyage they arrived at Plymouth, where Carver was unanimously elected governor. He managed the affairs of the infant colony with prudence, and exhibited great address in his intercourse with the Indians, but died within four months after landing, his wife surviving him only six weeks.

John Catron

John Catron, an American jurist, born in Wythe co., Va., in 1778, died in Nashville, Tenn., May 30, 1865. He received a common school education, removed to Tennessee in 1812, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1815. In the New Orleans campaign he served in the army under Jackson, and was afterward elected state's attorney. He settled in Nashville in 1818, and was one of the supreme judges of Tennessee from 1824 to 1836. In 1837 President Jackson appointed him associate justice of the United States supreme court. He opposed secession, and was consequently obliged to leave the state. His decisions on the state bank are contained in "Yerger's Tennessee Reports," and his federal decisions in the later volumes of Peters, the 20 vols, of Howard, and the 2 vols, of Black.