John Doly Burke, an American historian, born in Ireland, killed in a duel caused by a political quarrel, April 11, 1808, near Campbell's bridge, Va. He was educated at Trinity college, Dublin, emigrated to America in 1797, conducted a newspaper in Boston, and subsequently one in New York, where he was arrested under the sedition law. He then removed to Petersburg, Va., where he practised law. He wrote " Bunker Hill" and several other historical dramas, and a " History of the late War in Ireland " (1797). His best work, the " History of Virginia from the first Settlement down to 1804," was in three volumes, to which a fourth was added in 1816, written by L. H. Girardin and Mr. Jones. A memoir of Burke, by G. Gampbell, was published in 1868.
John Doran, a British author, born at Drog-heda, Ireland, in 1807. He resided many years in France and Germany, took the degree of Ph. D. at the university of Marburg, and afterward went to England, became editor of various periodicals, and performed much general literary labor. He is now (1874) editor of "Notes and Queries." His principal works are: "Table Traits, and Something on them " (1854); "Habits and Men " and "Lives of the Queens of the House of Hanover" (1855); "Knights and their Days" (1856); "Monarchs retired from Business" (1857); "History of Court Fools" (1858); "New Pictures and Old Panels" and "The Last Journals of Horace Walpole" (1859); "Lives of the Princesses of Wales" (1860); "The Bentley Ballads" (1861); "Their Majesties' Servants" (1863); "Saints and Sinners" (1868); and "A Lady of the Last Century [Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu], illustrated in her Unpublished Letters, with a Biographical Sketch, and a Chapter on Blue Stockings" (1873).
John Douglas, an English prelate, born in Pittenweem, Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1721, died in Salisbury, May 18, 1807. He was chaplain to a regiment of foot guards serving in Flanders, was present at the battle of Fontenoy (1745), and was employed by Gen. Campbell in carrying orders. Having held various benefices, he was chosen president of Sion college in 1781, made bishop of Carlisle in 1787, and dean of Windsor in 1788; and in 1791 he was translated to the see of Salisbury. He wrote " A Vindication of Milton from the charge of Plagiarism," and many religious and political pamphlets; and he superintended in 1762 the publication of the second Lord Clarendon's "Diary and Letters;" in 1777, Lord Hard-wick's "Miscellaneous Papers," and Capt. Cook's second voyage; and in 1781, Capt. Cook's last voyage. His religious writings include anniversary sermons, and " The Criterion, or Miracles Examined," in reply to Hume.
John Dyer, an English poet, born at Aber-glasney, Carmarthenshire, in 1700, died July 24, 1758. He was educated at Westminster, and after a short study of painting he rambled over England as an itinerant artist. In 1727 he published his "Grongar Hill," a poem marked by warmth of sentiment and an elegant simplicity of description. He travelled in Italy to pursue his studies as a painter, but the best result of his observations was his poem entitled "The Ruins of Rome" (1740). On his return he entered holy orders. In 1758 appeared his longer poem of " The Fleece," in which he attempted to treat the subject of wool in a poetical manner, and which is one of the most successful imitations of Virgil's "Georgics." All the poems of Dyer abound in happy and careful pictures of nature, and in appropriate and gentle moral sentiments. They were published collectively in 1761.