John Fanning Watson

John Fanning Watson, an American author, born at Batsto, Burlington co., N. J., June 13, 1779, died in Germantown, Pa., Dec. 23,1860. He was successively a bookseller in Philadelphia, a bank cashier, and a railroad treasurer. He published "Annals of Philadelphia" (8vo, 1830; new eds., with appendix, 2 vols. 8vo, 1857-'8, and 1868); "Historic Tales of the Olden Times in New York " (1832); " Historic Tales of the Olden Times in Philadelphia and Pennsylvania" (1833); and "Annals and Occurrences of New York City and State " (1846).

John Foster Kirk

John Foster Kirk, an American author, born in Fredericton, New Brunswick, in 1824. He was educated in Nova Scotia, and took up his residence in the United States about 1842. In 1847 he became secretary to William II. Pres-cott, whom he continued to assist until the historian's death in 1859. In 1863 he published in London and Philadelphia the first two volumes of his " History of Charles the Bold," the third and concluding volume appearing in 1868. He has contributed several historical and other articles to leading periodicals, and since 1871 has been editor of "Lippincott's Magazine " in Philadelphia. He has prepared a new edition of Prescott's works, embodying emendations left by the author, with original notes.

John Francis Maguire

John Francis Maguire, an Irish journalist, born in Cork in 1815, died there, Oct. 31, 1872. He was called to the Irish bar in 1843. He was member of parliament for Dungarvon from 1852 to 1865, and afterward for Cork until his death. He was mayor of Cork at several periods from 1853 to 1864, was proprietor and editor of the " Cork Examiner," a leading journal of the south of Ireland, and took a prominent part in promoting the linen industry. He published " The Industrial Movement in Ireland in 1852 " (1853); " Rome and its Ruler" (1857; enlarged ed., 1859), which, still further enlarged, was published in 1870 under the title, "The Pontificate of Pius IX.," and for this he received a gold medal from the pope; "The Irish in America" (1858); " Life of Father Mathew " (1863); and " The Next Generation," a political novel (1871).

John Frederick Cammerhoff

John Frederick Cammerhoff, one of the first bishops of the Moravian church in America, born near Magdeburg, Germany, July 28, 1721, died at Bethlehem, Penn., April 28, 1751. He came to America in 1746 as assistant to the presiding bishop of the Moravian church. Bethlehem was at this time the centre of missionary operations among the Indians, in which he was notably active. He won the confidence of the natives, especially of the Delawares and the Six Nations, and in 1748 he was formally adopted by the Oneidas as a member of their tribe. In 1750 he attended an Iroquois council at Onondaga, N. Y., travelling by canoes up the Susquehanna for 13 days, and thence on foot through the mountain region of southern New York for a fortnight more. This journey broke down his constitution, and he died soon after his return to Bethlehem.