John Frederick Herring, an English painter, born in Surrey in 1795, died Sept. 22, 1805. His father was a London tradesman, an American by birth, and he himself was a stage coachman in early life. His ambition was to paint a race horse, and for 18 years he persevered, until he achieved reputation in this class of subjects. For 33 years he took the portraits of the winners of the Doncaster St. Leger, and painted an immense number of racers and racing scenes for eminent patrons of the turf. Afterward he executed scenes from the farmyard, in which, although the horse is still the prominent object, many other animals and a variety of fowls and birds are introduced. Many of these are extensively known through engravings, which have considerable popularity in the United States, where some of his best pictures have also been exhibited. Among his pictures are "The Roadside," "The Members of the Temperance Society," and " The Baron's Charger."
John Gadsby Chapman, an American artist, born in Alexandria, Va., in the early part of this century. Early indicating his taste for design, he was enabled by the liberality of a friend to visit Rome, and to study and practise his art there for several years. After his return to the United States he had a studio for some time in New York, but since 1848 lie 1ms resided in Rome. He has executed many original designs for the illustration of books. His principal paintings are the "Baptism of Pocahontas" for one of the panels in the rotunda at Washington, the "Israelites Spoiling the Egyptians," "Etruscan Girl," "A Donkey's Head," "The Last Arrow," and "First Italian Milestone." He has also published two books on drawing.
John Gardiner Calkins Brainard, an American poet, born at New London, Conn., Oct. 21,1796, died there, Sept. 26, 1828. He graduated at Yale college in 1815, and began the study of law, but soon abandoned it to become editor of the " Connecticut Mirror," at Hartford. He published many poetical compositions in this journal, usually in the form of ballads. A volume of his poems was published in New York in 1825, and after his death an enlarged edition appeared in 1832, with the title "Literary Remains." A third edition was published in 1842 at Hartford, with a memoir by John G. Whit-tier, the Quaker poet.
John Greaves, an English mathematician and antiquary, born in Hampshire in 1602, died in London, Oct. 8, 1652. He was educated at Oxford, and in 1630 was chosen geometrical lecturer in Gresham college, London. After visiting Holland, France, and Italy, he embarked in 1637 for Constantinople, whence he went to Egypt to examine the pyramids, of which no satisfactory account had then been given, and in 1640 returned to England, bringing with him several Arabic, Persian, and Greek manuscripts, and a large collection of gems, coins, etc. Soon after his return he was appointed Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford. In 1648, having been ejected from Oxford for royalism, he settled in London. He published a "Discourse on the Roman Foot and Denarius" (1647), wrote a Persian grammar, and partly compiled a Persian lexicon. A collection of his minor papers was published in two volumes in 1737.