John Hubbard Chirch

John Hubbard Chirch, D. D., an American clergyman, born at Rutland, Mass., March 17, 1772, died at Pelham, N. II., June 13, 1840. He graduated at Harvard college in 1797, and was for nearly 40 years pastor of the Congregational church of Pelham. He was devoted to benevolent enterprises, and was officially connected with Dartmouth college, An-dover theological seminary, Phillips academy, and with various missionary, Bible, and tract societies, which he served with great zeal and efficiency. He published about 25 sermons, besides various articles in religious periodicals.

John Hullah

John Hullah, an English composer and teacher of music, born in Worcester in 1812.

His comic opera "The Village Coquettes," written in conjunction with Dickens, and produced in 1836, first made him known to the public. After the production of two other operas, he turned his attention about 1838 to the establishment in England of popular singing schools, similar to those which had proved so successful in Paris. In 1847 a spacious music hall was erected in London for his concerts, which was burned down in 1860. He is professor of vocal music and harmony in King's, Queen's, and Bedford colleges, London, organist of the Charterhouse, conductor of the orchestra and chorus in the royal academy of music, and musical inspector for the United Kingdom. He is the author of numerous works, essays, and lectures on the science and history of music.

John Jackson

John Jackson, an English painter, born at Lastingham, Yorkshire, in 1778, died in London, June 1, 1831. He was assisted in his youth by Sir George Beaumont, and acquired reputation as a portrait painter. He was remarkable for rapidity, having on one occasion for a wager painted the portraits of five gentlemen in a single day, for each of which he received 25 guineas. He was a royal academician, and painted many of his associates.

John James Blunt

John James Blunt, an English divine, born at Newcastle-under-Lyme in 1794, died in Cambridge, June 17, 1855. He obtained a fellowship in the university of Cambridge in 1816, and being appointed in 1818 one of the travelling bachelors, visited Italy, and wrote a volume on the "Vestiges of Ancient Manners and Customs discoverable in Modern Italy and Sicily" (1823). He held various ecclesiastical appointments till 1839, when, on the death of Bishop Marsh, he was elected Lady Margaret's professor of divinity. His principal works are: "Undesigned Coincidences in the Writings both of the Old and New Testaments an Argument of their Veracity" (1847; 5th ed., 1856); "History of the Christian Church in the first three Centuries" (2d ed., 1856); and "Sketch of the Reformation of the Church of England," which passed through 15 editions, and was translated into French and German.

John James Garth Wilkinson

John James Garth Wilkinson, an English author, born in London in 1812. He was educated at a private school, studied medicine, and became a practising physician of the homoeopathic school. He has published translations of Swedenborg's Megnum Animate (London, 1843-'4; American ed., 1850), and of some of his other scientific works; "Swedenborg, a Biography" (1849); "The Human Body and its Connection with Man " (1851); "War, Cholera, and the Ministry of Health" (1854); "Improvisations from the Spirit," a volume of poems (1857); and "Methods of Human Science and Divine Revelation" (1876).