John Lucas

John Lucas, an English painter, born in London, July 4, 1807, died there, April 30, 1874. He was originally an engraver in mezzotint, but in 1829 became a portrait painter. Among his works are portraits of members of the royal family, of the duke of Wellington for the university of Oxford, of Prince Albert for Versailles and for the palace of Saxe-Coburg, and of many distinguished persons for the gallery of Sir Robert Peel. One of his best pictures is a portrait group representing the consultation of Robert Stephenson, Brunei, and other eminent engineers previous to the floating of the last section of the tubular bridge over the Menai strait. More than 60 of his works have been engraved.

John Lydgate

John Lydgate, an English poet, born at Lydgate, Suffolk, about 1375, died in Bury St. Edmund's about 1401. After studying at Oxford, and visiting France and Italy, he entered the Benedictine monastery of Bury St. Edmund's, and established a school for instructing the sons of the aristocracy in versification and composition. He began to write about 1400. The principal of his works are his " Fall of Princes," Storie of Thebes," and " Historie, Siege, and Destruction of Trove." His minor poems were published by the Percy society in 1840. Ritson, in his Bibliographia Poetica, gives a complete catalogue of his works.

John Lyly

See Lilly.

John Macpherson Berrien

John Macpherson Berrien, an American lawyer and statesman, born in New Jersey, Aug. 23, 1781, died in Savannah, Ga., Jan. 1, 1856. He was the son of an officer in the war of the revolution, and early acquired distinction as a lawyer in Georgia. He was solicitor of the eastern district of Georgia in 1809, and judge of the same district from 1810 to 1822, when he became a member of the Georgia senate, from which he was transferred in 1824 to the senate of the United States, where he established a high reputation as an orator and statesman. He was appointed attorney general of the United States in 1829, but resigned that office in 1831 when Gen. Jackson's cabinet became inharmonious. In 1840 he was elected again to the national senate as a whig, and was reelected in 1846, finally retiring in 1852.

John Manners

See Granby.

John Manners Granby

John Manners Granby, commonly called marquis of, an English general, born Jan. 2, 1721, died in Scarborough, Oct. 19, 1770. He was the eldest son of the third duke of Rutland, was educated at Eton and Cambridge, and during the rebellion of 1745 raised a regiment of foot at his own expense. In 1759 he was sent to Germany as second in command, under Lord George Sackville, of the troops destined to cooperate with Prussia. Lord George having resigned, Granby succeeded to the chief command of the British, and served with distinction during the remainder of the seven years' war. In 1760, while still in the field, he was appointed a member of the privy council. In 1763 he became master general of the ordnance, and in 1766 commander-in-chief of the forces. He also served several terms in parliament. He was exceedingly popular, but his military qualities appear to have been greatly overrated.