Julius Heinrich Petermam

Julius Heinrich Petermam, a German orientalist, born in Glauchau, Saxony, in 1806. He studied in Leipsic and Berlin, and graduated in 1829. In 1832 he visited Venice to study Armenian among the Mekhitarists, and in 1837 he became professor of oriental literature in Berlin. In 1865 he visited the East, and in 1867-'8 he was consul at Jerusalem. Besides grammars of Armenian, Arabic, Chal-daic, and Hebrew, he has published Reise in den Orient (2 vols., Leipsic, 1860), and many interesting works relating to oriental literature (1868 et seq.).

Julius Roderick Benedix

Julius Roderick Benedix, a German dramatist, born in Leipsic, Jan. 21, 1811. He was an actor and singer in early life, and in 1841, while manager of the Wesel theatre, he produced a highly successful comedy, Das iemoos-te Ifaupt ("The Old Fogy"), which has been followed by about 30 popular plays, several of which have been translated into foreign languages. A complete edition of his dramatic works has been published at Leipsic (22 vols., 1846-169). He has also edited a literary journal, published popular works on German legends (6 vols., 1839-40) and the German war of independence (1841); a novel entitled "Pictures from the Life of Actors;" and works on elocution and German rhythm. He has been manager of the theatres of Elberfeld (1844-5), Cologne (1847-'8), and Frankfort-on-the-Main (1855-8); and since 1858 he has been devoted to literature at Leipsic.

Julius Schrader

Julius Schrader, a German painter, born in Berlin, June 16, 1815. He studied in Düssel-dorf, and in 1844 received the great academical prize in Berlin, which provided him with a three years' pension during his residence in Rome. In 1851 he became professor at the Berlin academy, and member of the academical senate. He excels in painting nude figures, drapery, and costumes. His best known works are: "The Death of Leonardo de Vinci," "The Surrender of Calais," the fresco in the new Berlin museum of the "Consecration of the Church of St. Sophia in Constantinople by the Emperor Justinian," "Charles I. saying Farewell to his Family," "Esther in the presence of Ahasuerus," "Lady Macbeth walking in Sleep," "Cromwell at his Daughter's Deathbed," and the portraits of Alexander von Humboldt, Cornelius, Ranke, and Moltke.

Jullius Waldemar Grosse

Jullius Waldemar Grosse, a German poet, born in Erfurt, April 25, 1828. He studied at Magdeburg and Halle, and devoted himself to art at Munich, but became a journalist, and in 1870 secretary of the Schiller institution at Weimar. He has published many novels, dramas, and poems. Among the novels are Maria Mancini (2 vols., Stuttgart, 1869; 2d ed., 1871), Ein Revolutionar (1869; 2d ed., 1871), and Der neue Abalard (Leipsic, 1871). His Ge-sammelte dramatische Werke appeared in Leipsic in 1870, in 7 vols., and a complete edition of his poems, including the exquisite piece Las Madchen ton Capri, in Berlin in 1871 et seq. He published a volume of patriotic poems, Wider Frankreich, in 1870.