Kwangsi, Or Quangsi, a S. province of China, bordering on the provinces of Yunnan, Kwei-chow, Hunan, and Kwangtung, and the territory of Tonquin; area, 78,250 sq. m.; pop. about 7,000,000. It is watered by branches of the Tao or Si-kiang. Rice is largely produced along the river banks. Gold, silver, and quicksilver are mined. The mountainous character of the province is unfavorable to agriculture, and the population is less dense than in most other parts of China. Principal town, Wu-chow; capital, Kwelin.
Kwangtung, the most southerly province of China, bordering on the gulf of Tonquin and the China sea, and the provinces of Fokien, Kiangsi, Hunan, and Kwangsi; area, 79,456 sq. m.; pop. about 19,000,000. It is mountainous in the north, but the region near the Tonglong river, the Pe-kiang, and Si-kiang and the sea-coast is among the most fertile in China. The province is the centre of the production of sugar, and among the other products are tea, rice, silk, tobacco, and fruits. Lacquered wares, cotton and silk goods, and other articles are largely manufactured. The numerous bays and rivers facilitate commerce, and along the coast are a large number of islands, including that of Hainan. Capital, Canton.
Kweichow, a S. W. province of China, bordering on the provinces of Szechuen, Hunan, Kwangsi, and Yunnan; area, 64,554 sq. m.; pop. about 5,000,000. It is rough and mountainous, and is one of the poorest parts of China. Cereals, rice, tobacco, cassia, and timber are produced; also copper, iron, lead, and quicksilver. The largest river is the Wu, a tributary of the Yangtse. Capital, Kweiyang.
LL. D Daggett David, an American jurist, born at Attleborough, Mass., Dec. 31, 1764, died in New Haven, Conn., April 12, 1851. He graduated at Yale college in 1783; was admitted to the bar in New Haven in 1786; was elected representative to the legislature in 1791; and, after holding other offices, was in 1813 chosen to the United States senate, where he continued till 1819. In 1824 he became instructor in the law school in New Haven; in 1826 was appointed Kent professor, of law in Yale college; and in the same year was chosen judge of the superior court, and received the degree of LL. D. from Yale college. In 1832 he was made chief justice of the supreme court of the state, retiring by limitation of age in 1834. A sketch of his life and character, by the Rev. Dr. Dutton, was published in 1851.
A French Jesuit La Chaise Or Lachaise (D'Aix Francois De), confessor of Louis XIV., born at the chateau of Aix, in Forez, Aug. 25, 1624, died Jan. 20, 1709. He taught philosophy and theology with brilliant success at Lyons, was afterward rector at Grenoble and provincial of his order at Lyons, and in 1675 succeeded Fer-rier as confessor of the king. He maintained his position amid the difficulties between Mme. de Montespan and the queen, Mme. de Monte-span and Mme. de Maintenon, the Jesuits and the Jansenists, Bossuet and F6nelon, and the courts of Rome and of France. He promoted the revocation of the edict of Nantes (1685), but exerted a conciliatory influence with respect to Fenelon, Quesnel, and the Jansenists. Louis XIV. built for him a country seat on an estate called Mont Louis, which belonged to the Jesuits, the gardens of which are now transformed into the cemetery named Pere La-chaise. (See Cemetery.)