Langeland, an island of Denmark, between the islands of Laaland and Funen, separated from the former by the Langeland Belt, and from the latter by a narrow channel of great depth, having the Great Belt on the north and the Baltic on the south; length from N. to S. 33 m., average breadth about 3 m.; area, 106 sq. m.; pop. in 1864, 18,399. The E. coast is washed by a strong current, and has no harbors; the W. coast is free from currents, is deeply indented, contains many excellent harbors, and furnishes throughout one great roadstead with safe anchorage for the largest vessels. The island is fertile, yielding much grain and dairy produce. It is included in the bailiwick of Svendborg. Capital, Rudkiobing, which is a port with considerable shipping.
Langensalza, a town of Prussia, in the province of Saxony, on the Salza, near its entrance into theUnstrut, 17 m. N. W. of Erfurt; pop. in 1871, 9,484. It has four churches, a Reahchule, a female school of a higher grade, and manufactories of linen and of machines. On June 27, 1866, a battle was fought here between the Prussians and Hanoverians, in which the latter repulsed the Prussians, but on the following day surrendered to them.
Langres, a fortified town of Champagne, France, in the department of Haute-Marne, on the left bank of the Marne, 145 m. S. E. of Paris; pop. in 1866, 8,320. It has a communal college, a commercial court, and a theological seminary. The town is on a steep hill, belonging to the so-called plateau of Langres, and is the most elevated in northern France. The most important manufacture is cutlery. Langres has been the see of a bishop since the 3d century. It is the birthplace of Diderot, to whom a monument has been erected.
Lanian Blmchard, an English writer, born at Great Yarmouth, May 15, 1803, died in London, Feb. 15, 1845. In 1831 he became acting editor of the " New Monthly Magazine," conducted by Bulwer, and from that time forward was a most prolific contributor to the periodical press. The insanity of his wife and the failure of his own health preyed upon his mind, and soon after his wife's death he committed suicide. He was highly esteemed by the many literary men with whom he associated. His "Essays and Sketches," collected from various periodicals, were published for the benefit of his orphans, in 3 volumes, with a biography by Lord Lytton.
Lanlvium (now Civita Lavigna), an ancient city of Italy, in Latium, 18 m. S. S. E. of Rome, about a mile from the Appian way. It was founded at a very remote period, and probably by a colony from Alba. It took part with Rome against the Volscians, but later, in the wars of the Latins, against the Romans. Subsequently it was celebrated for its temple of Juno Sospita. It suffered greatly in the civil wars. The emperor Antoninus Pius was born here. Few remains of the old city now exist.