Louis A French Composer Clapisson, born in Naples, Sept. 15, 1808, died in Paris, March 19, 1866. He was the son of a French musician established at Naples, and was educated in Paris. In 1854 he was appointed professor of music at the conservatory, and in 1861 director of a museum which he had founded and presented to the government, for the preservation of musical relics and instruments. He was distinguished as a composer of ballads, songs, and comic operas. Among his most successful operas are La perruche (1840), Le code noir (1842), Gibby, la cornemuse (1846), La fanchonette (1856), and Margot (1857). His latest works were Les trois Nicolas (1858), and Madame Gregoire (1861).
Louis Al-Phonse Cahagnet, a French spiritualist, born in Caen in 1809. He worked at various trades previous to experimenting in magnetism and spiritualism. His principal works are: Arcanes de la vie future devoilee (3 vols., 1854-'60); Encyclopedic ma-gnetique spiritualiste (7 vols., 1854-'61); and Force et matiere (1866), refuting the theories of Buchner.
Louis Albert Ghislain Bacler Dalbe, baron de, a French painter, born at St. Pol, Oct. 21, 1762, died at Sevres, Sept. 12, 1824. He is celebrated for his views of Swiss scenery, remarkable for a knowledge of natural history and topography. He fought at Arcola, and his picture of that battle is regarded as his master-work. He accompanied Napoleon in many campaigns, sketching the movements of the troops. His illustrated works comprise Souvenirs pittoresques of Switzerland, of the Italian and Spanish campaigns, and of Paris and its environs. He also painted classical subjects. He was appointed brigadier general in 1813, and subsequently director of the war depots in Paris, but lost this office in 1815.
Louis Augnste Desmarres, a French oculist, born in Evreux in 1810. He studied at the Sorbonne, and devoted himself entirely to the treatment of diseases of the eye, and soon acquired a great reputation. He has contributed largely to a better understanding of the pathology and anatomy of the eye, and invented an ophthalmoscope which is now in general use among practitioners. His Memoire sur une nouvelle methode d'employer le nitrate d'argent clans quelques ophthalmies (1842) and Emploi de la belladonne dans les perforations de la cornee, excited special attention; but his most important work is his Traite theorique et pratique des maladies des yeux (1847), which he considerably enlarged in subsequent editions, and which is considered a standard authority on the subject.
Louis Auguste Lapito, a French painter, born at St. Maur, near Paris, in 1805, died in Boulogne, April 7, 1874. He studied in Paris under Watelet and Heim, and in foreign countries, and became a distinguished landscape painter. Many of his works are in French, Belgian, and Dutch collections. One of the finest of them, in the Palais d'Orsay, was destroyed in the burning of that building during the commune (1871).