Lyceum, the principal gymnasium at Athens, dedicated to Apollo Lyceus, whence its name. It was situated in the eastern suburb of the city, and was surrounded with lofty plane trees. It was elaborately adorned by Pisistratus, Pericles, and Lycurgus the orator. Here Aristotle and his disciples taught, and were called peripatetics from their habit of walking up and down its porches while lecturing.


Lycon, a Greek philosopher, born in Laodi-cea, Phrygia, about 300 B. C, died in Athens about 226. He was a disciple of Strato, on whose death in 270 he became the head of the peripatetic school in Athens, and for 44 years he presided at the Lyceum. He regarded corporal punishment as injurious to youth, whom he sought to stimulate by feelings of honor and shame. His elocution was so harmonious that Diogenes Laertius says his name was often written Glycon, " the sweet," but this was probably its original form. Cicero and Clement of Alexandria mention a work by Lycon on the limits of good and evil; Apuleius quotes a treatise of his on the nature of animals; and a fragment of a work on characters, probably his, is preserved by Rutilius Lupus.


Lycophron, a Greek poet and grammarian of the 3d century B. C., born in Euboean Chal-cis, died in Alexandria. He stood high in the favor of Ptolemy Philadelphia, and was one of the seven contemporary poets, termed from their number Pleiades, who graced the court of that monarch. Ptolemy intrusted him with the classification of the works of the comic poets contained in the Alexandrian library. Lycophron likewise composed a work on the history of Greek comedy and comic poets. Suidas has preserved the titles of 20 of his tragedies, while Tzetzes makes their number more than 60, of all which, however, only four lines remain. One of his poems is still extant, "Cassandra " or " Alexandra," a long iambic monologue, whose obscurity has become proverbial. The earliest edition of "Cassandra" is that of Venice (1513). The best editions are those of Potter (Oxford, 1697), and Bach-mann (Leipsic, 1828). It has been translated into English by Lord Royston.

Lydia Huntley Sigourney

Lydia Huntley Sigourney, an American authoress, born in Norwich, Conn., Sept. 1, 1791, died in Hartford, June 10, 1865. In 1814 she opened a private school in Hartford, and in 1815 published "Moral Pieces in Prose and Verse." In 1819 she married Charles Sigour-ney, a merchant of Hartford. In 1840 she visited Europe, and recorded her reminiscences in "Pleasant Memories of Pleasant Lands" (1842). She published nearly 60 volumes of poems, prose, and selections. Among her works are: "Letters to Young Ladies" (1833); "Pocahontas, and other Poems" (1841); "Past Meridian" (1854); "The Man of Uz, and other Poems" (1862); and her autobiography, posthumously published under the title "Letters of Life" (New York, 1866).


Lygdamis, a tyrant of Naxos, born about 580 B. C. He became a leader of the popular party in Naxos, and when they conquered the oligarchy he obtained the chief power. During his absence to assist Pisistratus on his third return to Athens, there was a revolution in Naxos; but Pisistratus subdued it and made Lygdamis tyrant of the island, about 540. Lyg-damis assisted Polycrates (532) in obtaining the tyranny of Samos; but a few years later he himself was put down, with other tyrants, by the Lacedaemonians.