M. D Comstock John Lee

M. D Comstock John Lee, an American author, born at Lyme, Conn., in 1789, died in Hartford, Conn., Nov. 21, 1858. He studied medicine, and served as an assistant surgeon in the war of 1812. At the close of the war he left the army and settled at Hartford in the practice of medicine. Soon after, his attention was turned toward the compilation of school books. He wrote elementary treatises on natural philosophy, chemistry, mineralogy, botany, geology, physiology, natural history, and physical geography, and an essay on gold and silver. Some of his works were only compilations; but he made considerable attainments in natural science, constructed most of the apparatus he used, and prepared nearly all the drawings for the illustrations of his works.

M0unds

See American Antiquities.

M1sma

See Meissen.

Ma1dstoine

Ma1dstoine, a municipal and parliamentary borough and market town of Kent, England, on the Med way, 27 in. W. by S. of Canterbury, and 32 m. S. S. E. of London; pop. in 1871, 26,196. The principal manufacture is of paper. It consists chiefiy of four principal streets, intersecting at the market place, well paved, and lighted with gas. It contains a county jail occupying an area of 13 acres, one of the largest parochial churches in England, supposed to be of the 14th century, several other churches schools, and charitable institutions. All Saints' college, founded in 1846, is kept in the building of the old college of All Saints, suppressed by Edward VI. The navigation of the Med-way has been improved, so that vessels of above 70 tons can reach Maidstone.

Maas

See Meuse.

Mab

Mab, a fairy, celebrated by Shakespeare and other English poets. The name is of uncertain origin, being variously derived from the Mid-gard of the Eddas, the Habundia or Dame Abonde of Norman fairy lore, and from the Cymric mab, a child. According to Voss, Mab was not the fairy queen, the same as Titania, this dignity having been ascribed to her only by mistaking the use of the old English word queen or quean (A. S. cwen or quena), which originally meant only a woman. Queen Mab is mentioned in Shakespeare's " Romeo and Juliet," Ben Jonson's "Satyr," Randolph's pastoral of " Amyntas," Drayton's " Nymphi-dia," and Milton's "L'Allegro."

Macapa

Macapa, a town of Brazil, in the province of Amazonas, on the left bank and 130 m. from the mouth of the Amazon, 1,690 m. N N. W. of Rio de Janeiro; pop. 7,500. The streets are regular and spacious, and the houses well built of brick and covered with tiles. It has a parish church and school house, a town hall, a prison, and a hospital; and the harbor, which is commodious, is defended by a fort, which also commands the passage of the river. Pice, millet, cotton, manioc, cacao, and other spontaneous tropical fruits, and line cabinet woods, are exported.

Macauco

See Lemur.

Macbeth

Macbeth, a Scottish chieftain of the 11th century, and the hero of one of Shakespeare's tragedies, which invests him, however, with a character more legendary than historical. He seems to have been the vassal of Thorfinn, a Norwegian prince who had conquered the north of Scotland. King Duncan, in the absence of Thorfinn, invaded the latter's territories, which were defended by Macbeth, who defeated and killed Duncan in a battle near Elgin in 1039. Macbeth was then proclaimed king of Scotland. In 1054 he was defeated near Dunsinane by an English force under Si-ward, earl of Northumberland; and on Dec. 5, 1056 (or, as some have it, in April, 1057), he was defeated and killed at Lumphanan, by Macduff and Malcolm, the son of Duncan. Malcolm was proclaimed king.