Madame Do Chatelet

Madame Do Chatelet. See Du Chatelet.

Madame Du Deffand

Madame Du Deffand. See Deffand.

Madame Sophie Ristand Cottin

Madame Sophie Ristand Cottin, a French novelist, born at Tonneins in 1773, died in Paris, Aug. 25, 1807. In 1790 she married M. Cot-tin, a wealthy banker of Bordeaux, who died in 1793. The publication of her first novel, Claire d'Albe (1798), was said to have been due to her desire of benefiting a needy friend. Her novel Elisabeth, ou Les exiles de Siberie (1806), was her most careful production, and has been more generally translated into foreign languages than any of her other novels. She published her works anonymously until the attention which they attracted forced her to reveal her name. Among her other novels are Malvina, Amelie, and Mathilde. Complete editions of her works appeared in 1817 and 1823.

Madawaska

Madawaska, the N. W. county of New-Brunswick, Canada, formed in 1873 from a portion of Victoria co.; area, about 1,500 sq. m. It is watered by the Madawaska river and other affluents of the St. John, which separates it on the S. W. from Maine. The surface is rolling and varied; the soil is very fertile. Capital, Edmundston.

Maddaloni

Maddaloni, a town of Italy, in the province of Caserta, 14 m. N. N. E. of Naples, with which it is connected by rail; pop. about 18,000. It is built around the base of a hill, two peaks of which are crowned with an old castle and the church of San Michele. It contains six churches, four convents, a college, a hospital, and the ancient palace of the dukes of Caraffa. There is a large aqueduct to Caserta. An important trade is carried on in wine and agricultural products. The town dates from the 9th century, and is supposed to occupy the ancient site of Suessula.

Madeleine Caulier

Madeleine Caulier, a French peasant girl who during the siege of Lille, Sept. 8. 1708, volunteered to penetrate into the city for the purpose of conveying an important order to Marshal Boufflers. She succeeded in her mission through her brother, who was a soldier in the besieged army. Though Lille was obliged to capitulate (Oct, 23), the duke of Burgundy offered her a reward, which she declined; but she was permitted at her request to enlist in a regiment of dragoons. She displayed great gallantry, and fell in the battle of Denain, July 24, 1712.

Madison University

See Hamilton, N Y.

Madoc

Madoc, a legendary Welsh prince, said to have been the son of Owen Gwynnedd, who according to Cambrian chroniclers discovered America more than three centuries before the discovery by Columbus. According to the legends, Madoc, compelled by civil disturbances to leave his native country, sailed westward in 1170 with a small fleet, and after a voyage of some weeks landed on a continent of exuberant fertility, whose inhabitants dif-ered altogether from those of Europe. After some time he returned to Wales, but left behind him 20 of his crew. He fitted out another fleet of 10 sail, departed again with the intention of revisiting the newly discovered land, and was never more heard of. Madoc is the hero of one of Southey's poems.