Maritza (Anc. Hebrm), a large river of Rou-melia, European Turkey. It rises on the K E. thmk of the Despoto Dagh (anc. Rhodope), a branch of the Balkan mountains, flows E. S. E. and S. S. W., and after a course of about 300 m.. during which it passes Filibe (Philippopo-lis) and Adrianople, enters the Grecian archipelago by two mouths.
Mark Lemon, an English journalist and author, born in London, Nov. 30, 1809, died at Crawley, Sussex, May 23, 1870. He was educated at a grammar school, and wrote for the press at an early age. He afterward wrote for the stage, and sometimes appeared as an amateur actor. Upon the establishment of the comic periodical " Punch," in 1841, he became its assistant editor, and from 1843 till his death he was its chief editor. He also contributed largely to other periodicals, and, either singly or in conjunction with others, produced some scores of plays, farces, and melodramas, the best known of which is " The Serious Family." His principal published works are: "The Enchanted Doll " (1849); " A Christmas Hamper, a Collection of Stories in Prose and Verse " (1859); "Wait for the End" (1863); "Legends of Number Nip," and " Loved at Last" (1864); "Falkner Lyle: Story of Two Wives," and " Leighton Hall " (1866).
Mark Noble, an English clergyman, born about the middle of the 18th century, died at Harming in Kent, May 26, 1827. In 1784 George III. gave him the living of Barming. He published " Memoirs of the Protectorate House of Cromwell" (Birmingham, 1784; 2d ed., London, 1787); "A Genealogical History of the Royal Families of Europe " (1781); "An Historical Genealogy of the Royal House of Stuart" (1795); "Lives of the English Regicides" (1798); and a continuation of Granger's "Biographical History of England," bringing it down from the revolution to the close of the reign of George I.
Markirch, Or Miriakirch, (Fr. Ste. Marie-aux-Mines), a town of Alsace-Lorraine, Germany, 22 m. N. W. of Colmar; pop. in 1871, 12,319. It is one of the most flourishing centres of Alsatian industry. Among the principal branch-es of manufacture are silk, wool, and cotton weaving, dyeing, and bleaching. The valley of Markirch is one of the most picturesque of Alsace. There are lead and copper mines in the neighboring mountains. The town is of recent origin.
Markns Elieser Blow, a German naturalist, of Jewish parentage, born at Anspach in 1723, died in Berlin, Aug. 6, 1799. On arriving at manhood he was almost illiterate, but then thoroughly learned German and Latin and devoted himself to medical and scientific studies, taking the degree of M. D. at Frankfort-on-the-Oder. He practised his profession for many years in Berlin, and wrote several medical treatises; but his great work was one on ichthyology (Allgemeine Naturgeschichte der Fische, 12 vols., Berlin, 1782-'95),' excellently illustrated, which was in its time of great value. He made a fine collection of specimens, which is now in the Berlin zoological museum.