"Duke In Bavaria" Maximilian Joseph, a German author, born in Bamberg, Dec. 4, 1808. He is the only son of Pius Augustus, duke in Bavaria, married in 1828 the princess Louisa, a daughter of King Maximilian I., and was appointed to a high rank in the army. He described his journey to the East in 1838 in his Wanclerung nach olem Orient (Munich, 1839). His other works, published under the nom de plume of Phantasus, include Norellen (2 vols., 1831); Skizzenluch (1834); the novels Jakolina (1835) and Der Stieflruder (1838); and Sammlung oberoaierischer Volkslieder und Singweuen (1846). He has three sons and five daughters, one of whom, Elizabeth, became in 1854 the wife of the emperor Francis Joseph of Austria.
Maximilian Scheie De Vere, an American author, born near Wexio, in Sweden, Nov. 1, 1820. He entered the military and afterward the diplomatic service of Prussia, but emigrated to the United States, and in 1844 was appointed professor of modern languages in the university of Virginia. Besides frequent contributions to periodicals, he has published "Outlines of Comparative Philology" (1853), "Stray Leaves from the Book of Nature" (1856), "Studies of our English" (1867), "First French Reader" (1867), "Grammar of the French Language" (1867), "The Great Empress," a novel (1869), "Wonders of the Deep" (1869), "Introduction to the Study of French" (1870), "Americanisms" (1871), and "The English of the New World" (1873). He has translated into English Spielhagen's "Problematic Characters" (1869), "Through Night to Light" (1869), and "The Hohensteins" (1870).
Maximin Isnard, a French revolutionist, born in Grasse, Provence, Feb. 16, 1751, died there in 1830. In the legislative assembly in 1791 he gained notoriety for his eloquence and boldness, contributed to the insurrection of Aug. 10, 1792, and was reelected to the convention. He then joined the Girondists, voted for the death of Louis XVI., was instrumental in establishing the committee of public safety, opposed the Montagnards, and was prosecuted. His Herculean strength enabled him to escape the officers who came to arrest him in June, 1793, and he took refuge with a friend. He reappeared in the assembly after the fall of Robespierre, and subsequently became a member of the council of 500, to which he belonged for one year. Thenceforth he devoted himself to literary and philosophical pursuits, and gradually became religious. Among his publications is a lyric poem of some merit, Dithy-rambe sur l'immortalite de l'ame, dedicated to Pope Pius VII.
Mayenne, a N. W. department of France, formed from the old province of Maine, bordering on La Manche, Orne, Sarthe, Maine-et-Loire, and Ille-et-Vilaine; area, 1,996 sq. m. pop. in 1871, 350,637. The surface is rugged and diversified. Iron, coal, and slate are found. The river Mayenne traverses the department from N. to S., joins the Sarthe near Angers, department of Maine-et-Loire, taking the name of Maine, and 7 m. beyond falls into the Loire, after a course of 120 m. It is navigable from Laval, about 55 m. The climate is mild and healthful. The soil, except in the S. districts, is not fertile. The chief manufacture are linen, canvas, cotton, and paper. It is divided into the arrondissements of Chateau-Gontier, Laval, and Mayenne. Capital, Laval.