Moniteau, a central countv of Missouri hounded N. E. by the Missouri river, and drained by Saline, Moreau, and Moniteau creeks; area 400 sq. m..; pop in 1870, 1870, 11 375 of whom 879 were colored. Iron, limestone: and excellent coal are found, and the soil is generally fertile. The county is traversed by the Pacific railroad of Missouri. The chief productions in 1870 were 204.589 bushels of wheat, 502,1117 of Indian corn, 204,036 of oats, 32, 274 of potatoes 53,706 lbs. of tobacco, 42,688 of wood, 1278,283 of butter and 6,023 tons of hay. There were 5,004 horses 1,314 mules and asses, 10,727 cattle, 17,186 sheep, and 23,27 swine. Capital, California.


See Monachism.

Monk. James Henry

Monk. James Henry, an English author, born in Huntingford, Herts, early in 1784, died at Stapleton, near Bristol, June 6, 1856. He studied at the Charterhouse, and at Trinity college, Cambridge, where in 1807 he became assistant tutor, and in 1808 professor of Greek, but resigned that office on becoming dean of Peterborough in 1822. In 1830 ho became bishop of Gloucester. His principal work is the "Life of Bentley" (2 vols. 4to, 1831; revised ed., 1833).


See Aconite.


Mono, an E. county of California, bordering on Nevada, and bounded W. by the Sierra Nevada mountains; area, 4,176 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 430, of whom 42 were Chinese. It is watered in the south by Owen's river, and in the north by the forks of Walker's river. Mono lake, a considerable body of water near the centre, receives several streams, but has no outlet. The slope of the Sierra Nevada is heavily timbered; the rest of the county consists of hills and mountain spurs, with small valleys of tillable land and larger tracts suitable for grazing. Gold and silver are found, two mines of the former and three of the latter being in operation in 1870. The chief productions were 6,144 bushels of wheat, 4,173 of oats, 12,704 of barley, 4,982 of potatoes, 7,000 lbs. of wool, 35,685 of butter, and 2,714 tons of hay. There were 723 horses, 3,227 cattle, and 559 swine; 1 flour mill, 3 saw mills, and 3 quartz mills. Capital, Bridgeport.


See Insanity.


Monona, a W. county of Iowa, separated from Nebraska by the Missouri river, and intersected by the Little Sioux; area, about 900 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,654. It is covered with prairie and has a fertile soil. The Sioux City and Pacific railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 88,990 bushels of wheat, 285,457 of Indian corn, 50,346 of oats, 24,026 of potatoes, 18,783 lbs. of wool, 85,611 of butter, and 16,132 tons of hay. There were 1,413 horses, 6,374 cattle, 4,043 sheep, and 2,732 swine. Capital, Onawa.

Monongahela River

Monongahela River, one of the head branches of the Ohio, formed by the union of the West fork and Tygart's Valley river in Marion co., W. Va., flows N. into Pennsylvania, where it receives the Cheat river, its principal tributary, and the Youghiogheny, and unites with the Alleghany to form the Ohio at Pittsburgh; length, exclusive of branches, about 150 m., or including the Tygart's Valley river or East fork (which rises in Randolph co., "VV. Va.), 300 m. At its mouth the width is nearly 400 yards. It is navigable for large boats to Brownsville, Pa., 60 m. from its mouth, and for small boats to Fairmont, W. Va., at its head.

Monogram of Charlemagne.

Monogram of Charlemagne.