Nemesis

Nemesis, in Grecian mythology, a daughter of Night, though sometimes called a daughter either of Erebus or of Oceanus. She was a personification of conscience, and is mentioned by Hesiod in connection with Aeaos (Shame). It was believed by the Greeks that the gods were enemies of excessive human happiness, and that there was a power which preserved a proper compensation in human affairs, from which it was impossible for the sinner to escape. This power was embodied in Nemesis, who was in a special manner the avenger of family crimes and the humbler of the overbearing and was particularly worshipped at Rhamnus, Patrrae, and Oyzicus. She was usually represented in works of art as a virgin, sometimes standing in a thoughtful attitude, holding in her left hand a bridle or branch of an ash tree, and in her right a wheel with a sword or scourge.

Nemi

Nemi (anc. lacus Nemoremis and Speculum Diana, mirror of Diana), a lake of Italy, 17 m. S. E. of Rome, famous in antiquity for a temple of Diana. This was situated 3 m. from Aricia (now La Riccia), an ancient city of Latium, which thence received the surname Nemoralis. On the N.E. shore of the lake is the village of Nemi, on the site of the ancient town of Nemus. Lake Nemi is smaller than Lake Albano, and of a more regular shape, and is surrounded in every direction by steep, high, and wooded hills It, was once the crater of a volcano. I he lake has no visible natural outlet, the waters being parried off by an ancient artificial passage. It is a favorite subject of painters.

Nena Sahib

See Nana Sahib.

Nennius

Nennius, a doubtful British historian, supposed to have flourished in the early part of the 9th century, though Vossius places him in the 7th. According to several passages of the work attributed to him, he was a monk of Bangor in Wales. This work is entitled Historia Britonum, or Eulogium Britannice, and relates the history of Britain from the arrival of Brutus the Trojan, grandson of Aeneas, to A. D. 655. The best edition is that of Stevenson (London, 1838). An English translation by the Rev. W. Gunn has been republished in Bohn's "Antiquarian Library" (London, 1848).

Neograd

See Nógrád.

Neoptolemes

I. The Son Of Achilles And Deidamia

The Son Of Achilles And Deidamia, originally called Pyrrhus from his red hair. When it was prophesied that Troy could not be taken without the aid of the son of Achilles, Ulysses and Diomedes were sent to bring him thither. He was one of the warriors concealed in the wooden horse. He slew Priam, sacrificed Polyxena on the tomb of Achilles, and married Andromache, who bore him several sons.

II. An Officer Of Alexander The Great

An Officer Of Alexander The Great, who first distinguished himself at the siege of Gaza in 332 B. C. After the death of the conqueror, Armenia was assigned to Neoptolemus. When the Macedonian generals took up arms to contend for the empire, he refused to support Perdiccas, and he was finally killed in battle by Eumenes.