Nicolas Dalayrac, a French composer, born at Muret, June 13, 1753, died in Paris, Nov. 27, 1809. He was destined for the law, but went to Paris in 1774 and devoted himself to music. He wrote an orchestral piece, performed when Voltaire became a freemason in 1778, and another for an entertainment given by Mme. Helvetius in honor of Franklin. He produced many comic operas, including La dot (1785), Nina, ou la folle par amour (1786), Azemia, ou les sauvages (1787), Deux petits Savoyards (1789), Camille, ou le souterrain (1791), Maison d vendre (1800), Picaros et Diego (1802), and Lepoete et le musicien (1811).
Nicolas De Catlnat De La Faucomerie, a French general, born in Paris, Sept. 1, 1637, died Feb. 25, 1712. He entered the army as an ensign, and at the siege of Lille in 16G7 so conducted himself as to attract the notice of Louis XIV. His subsequent exploits obtained for him in 1G88 the rank of lieutenant general, and in 1693, after he had conquered the greatest part of Savoy, he received the marshal's staff. In 1701 he commanded the army in Italy against Prince Eugene; but failing to arrest the progress of the prince, Villeroi was appointed to his place. Catinat served under him, and in attacking the intrenchments at Chiari he was repulsed and wounded. He commanded in Germany for a short time, and spent the rest of his life at his estate of St. Gratien, near St. Denis.
A French scholar, born at Triaucourt, Champagne, Dec. 1, 1767, died Oct. 3, 1832. He completed his studies in the college of Ste. Barbe in Paris, and became professor of rhetoric in 1790. Embracing extreme revolutionary opinions, he was a deputy judge in 1793. Under the consulate he travelled in Italy, and delivered Latin improvisations in several cities. He obtained in 1811 the chair of Latin poetry at the college de France. Under the restoration he began the Bibliotheca C/assica Latina (154 vols., Paris, 1818 et seq.), which he left unfinished at his death. It embraces 18 poets and 16 prose writers. He is the author also of several original Latin poems.
Nicolas Francois Octave Tassaert, a French painter, born in Paris, July 26, 1800, died there by his own hand, April 26, 1874. He left the school of fine arts in 1825, and became known as a distinguished portrait, historical, and genre painter; but long struggles with adversity drove him to suicide. His principal productions include " The Funeral of Dagobert at St. Denis " (for the museum of Versailles), "Death of Correggio," "The Slave Merchant," "Diana at the Bath," and "The Old Musician".
Nicolas Jacquier, a French orthopedist, born at Troyes in 1790, died at Ervy, department of Aube, Oct. 13, 1859. He graduated at Paris in 1813, and became military surgeon in the campaigns of 1814. Subsequently he resided at Ervy, and acquired fame in orthopedics by his work De l'emploi des moyens mecaniques et gymnastiques dans le traitement des difformi-tes du systeme osseux (4 vols., Paris, 1831-'5), substituting pressure for extension, and by other kindred writings.