Nicopoli, Or Nicopolis, a city of European Turkey, in Bulgaria, on the right bank of the Danube, 75 m. S. W. of Bucharest, and 280 m. N. W. of Constantinople; pop. about 10,000. It consists of the fortified or Turkish town, perched on limestone cliffs, overhanging the Danube, and an open quarter on the declivity of an adjoining height, inhabited by Bulgarians, Wallachs, and Jews. It was founded by Trajan in the beginning of the 2d century, and gives title to a Greek archbishop and a Catholic bishop. The sultan Bajazet I. defeated King Sigismund of Hungary (the future emperor of Germany) under the walls of this city, Sept. 28, 1396. The Christian army, numbering 00,000 men, among them several thousand French warriors, was totally routed, but Sigismund escaped in a boat.
Nicosia, a town of Sicily, in the province and 40 m. N. W. of the city of Catania; pop. about 15,000. It is built on a rocky crest, on the highest part of which is a ruined castle. The cathedral and other churches have fine works of art. It is the seat of a bishop, and has a royal gymnasium. There are salt works and several sulphur springs. A brisk trade is carried on in grain, wine, oil, and cattle.
Niels Juel, a Danish admiral, born May 8, 1629, died in Copenhagen, April 8, 1697. He served under Martin van Tromp and De Ruy-ter, and became captain of a Dutch frigate, and subsequently commander of a Danish squadron, with which he cooperated in defending Copenhagen in 1659 against the Swedish fleet. In 1676 he captured the island of Gothland, and repulsed (June 4), with 25 ships, a Swedish force twice as large; and he soon afterward achieved another victory over the Swedes in conjunction with Cornelius van Tromp. In 1677 he was still more successful in overwhelming two separate Swedish squadrons, capturing a great number of ships, for which he subsequently received the rank of grand admiral lieutenant, the order of the Elephant, and the island of Taasing. He failed in an attempt to take Calmar, but took Rugen in 1678. - His brother Johann, Baron Julinge (died 1700), shared in many of these victories, and was one of the negotiators of the peace of Lund (1679).
Nieolas Sanson, a French geographer, born in Abbeville, Dec. 20, 1600, died in Paris in July, 1667. He produced a map of Gaul at the age of 16, and about 1640 was named geographer to the king. His maps are very numerous, and more correct than those of Or-telius and Mercator; but he disregarded the astronomical observations of his time, and adhered to the Ptolemaic longitudes. He published works on the geography of ancient Gaul, Greece, the Roman empire, sacred geography, etc. His three sons were all geographers.
Nieolo Campobasso, count of, a Neapolitan soldier of fortune of the latter part of the 15th century. He belonged to a noble family, but his estates were confiscated on account of his having joined the house of Anjou in its warfare against Naples. After their defeat he sold himself to their enemy Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, for whom he raised a considerable army of Italian and Dalmatian mercenaries. He subsequently betrayed Charles, going over to Rene II., duke of Upper Lorraine, and aiding in the defeat of the Burgundians before Nancy, Jan. 5, 1477; and he was suspected at the time, though unjustly, of having been accessory to Charles's death. Campobasso figures in Sir Walter Scott's "Anne of Geierstein".