Pariahs, a low caste of the Tamil country and race, in southern India, whose name is erroneously applied by Europeans to the outside Hindoo castes generally, of which it is only one, forming but a small part of the outcast population. These low castes are organized under strict and exclusive regulations, like the higher castes above them; and Max Muller says that the lowest Pariah is as proud and as anxious to preserve his own caste as the highest Brahman. The name Pariah is derived from the bell which they were formerly obliged to carry about, to warn Brahmans of the approach of an outcast. - The common domestic dogs of India and Ceylon, mongrels of European descent which haunt the streets and suburbs of cities and sometimes hunt in packs on the plains, are known as Pariah dogs.
Paride Bordone, a painter of the Venetian school, born at Treviso about 1500, died in Venice about 1570. He was for a time a pupil of Titian, and afterward studied the works of Giorgione. His own style, though not an imitation, is formed in a measure on the characteristics of these two artists. He attained special celebrity for his portraits. Several of his pictures are to be found in the galleries of Venice, including his masterpiece, the "Old Gondolier presenting a Ring to the Doge".
Parke, a W. county of Indiana, bounded "W. by the Wabash river and drained by Sugar and Raccoon creeks; area, 440 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 18,166. It has an undulating surface and a very fertile soil, with extensive beds of coal. The Logansport, Crawfordsville, and Southwestern railroad traverses it, and the Evansville, Terre Haute, and Chicago crosses the S. W. corner. The chief productions in 1870 were 502,230 bushels of wheat, 982,628 of Indian corn, 48,391 of oats, 65,004 of potatoes, 314,099 lbs. of butter, 110,813 of wool, and 14,512 tons of hay. There were 7,384 horses, 5,104 milch cows, 10,277 other cattle, 31,583 sheep, and 32,264 swine; 4 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 8 of cooperage, 7 of saddlery and harness, 2 of woollens, 13 flour mills, and 19 saw mills. Capital, Rockville.
Parker, a N. county of Texas, intersected by the Brazos river; area, 900 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,186, of whom 293 were colored. It consists of prairie and woodland in about equal proportions. The soil is productive. Wheat, corn, cotton, and fruits and vegetables thrive. The chief productions in 1870 were 13,658 bushels of wheat, 70,685 of Indian corn, 10,905 of oats, 13 bales of cotton, and 20,050 lbs. of butter. There were 1,497 horses, 1,222 milch cows, 10,348 other cattle, 944 sheep, and 4,383 swine. Capital, Weatherford.
Parmenio, a Macedonian general, born about 400 B. C, killed in 330. He was the favorite of Philip of Macedon. He defeated the Illy-rians in 356, upheld the Macedonian influence in Eubcea in 342, and in 336 was sent with an army into Asia. When Alexander invaded Asia, he was made second in command, and led the left wing in the battles of the Granicus, Issus, and Arbela. While the king was pursuing Darius in Parthia and Hyrcania, he completed the subjugation of Media; but in the mean time his son Philotas was accused of conspiring against Alexander's life, and when put to the torture implicated his father. Alexander caused the veteran to be assassinated.