Philips, Or Phillips, John, an English poet, born at Bampton, Oxfordshire, Dec. 30, 1676, died Feb. 15, 1708. He was educated at "Winchester and at Christ Church, Oxford. In 1703 he published a mock-heroic poem entitled " The Splendid Shilling," imitating the manner of " Paradise Lost." In 1705 he composed a gratulatory poem on the battle of Blenheim. His principal work, "Cyder," in two books (1706), is an imitation of Virgil's Georgics.
Phillips Brooks, an American clergyman, born in Boston, Dec. 13, 1835. He graduated at Harvard college in 1855, studied theology at the Protestant Episcopal seminary in Alexandria, Va., and from 1859 to 1870 was rector of churches in Philadelphia. In the latter year he became rector of Trinity church, Boston. He is noted as one of the most brilliant pulpit orators of the Episcopal denomination.
Phillis Wheatley, a negro poetess, born in Africa about 1753, died in Boston, Dec. 5,1794. She was brought to Boston in 1761, was purchased by Mrs. Wheatley, was instructed by her mistress and her daughters, and acquired a superior education. She wrote verses at the age of 14, and at 19 visited England, where she attracted much attention. A volume of her poems was published there, containing her portrait, and bearing the title, " Poems on various Subjects, Religious and Moral, by Phillis Wheatley, Negro Servant to Mr. John Wheatley of Boston, in New England" (London, 1773). It was reprinted in Boston, and passed through several editions. The family of Mr. Wheatley being broken up by death, she married a negro named Peters, and her last days were spent in extreme want. Her letters were privately printed in 1864.
Phillpp Friedrich Williclm Oertel (bettor known by his nomde plume W. O. vox Horn), a German author, born at Horn, near Simmern, Aug. 15, 1798, died in Wiesbaden, Oct, 14, 1867. lie was the son of a clergyman, studied theology at Heidelberg, was in charge of a parish at Mannebach from 1820 to 1835, was ecclesiastical superintendent at Sobernheim from 1835 to 1863, and subsequently resided at Wiesbaden. He was a voluminous writer of popular stories, and his Gesammelte Erzdh-lungen (13 vols., Wiesbaden, 1850-59) has passed through numerous editions'.
See Milk Leo.
See Chemistry, vol. iv., p. 360.
Phoenix (Gr. ), a mythical bird living in Arabia, resembling an eagle, with wings partly red and partly golden. On arriving at the age of 500 years it built a funeral pile of wood and aromatic gums, and, lighting it by the fanning of its wings, was consumed to ashes, out of which arose a new phoenix. The fathers of the church employed the myth to illustrate the resurrection; and several of the Roman emperors used it on coins to typify their own apotheosis, or the return of the golden age under their rule. - See Metral's Le phenix, ou Voiseau du soleil (Paris, 1824).