Priseilla Trewman (Wakefield)

Priseilla Trewman (Wakefield), an English authoress, born at Tottenham, near London, about 1751, died in Ipswich in 1832. She published numerous works, chiefly educational and juvenile, including "Mental Improvement" (2 vols., 1794); "Leisure Hours" (2 vols., 1794); "Reflections on the Present Condition of the Female Sex, with Hints for its Improvement " (1798); " Domestic Recreation " (1805); "Sketches of Human Manners" (1807); "Instinct Displayed " (1811); and several volumes of descriptive geography. In 1798 she established at Tottenham a bank for the savings of women and children, which in 1804 was or-, ganized as a general savings bank, the first in Great Britain.

Prisrend, Or Perserin

Prisrend, Or Perserin, a town of European Turkey, capital of a vilayet of the same name in northern Albania, on the Rieka near its confluence with the Drin, 75 m. E. of Scutari; pop. variously estimated at from 20,000 to 48,000. It is built at the foot of a mountain, which is commanded by a castle, where the governor resides; a Greek bishop also resides here. It is chiefly noted for its manufacture of firearms and extensive traffic.

Privy Council

See Council.


Priyis, a town of Languedoc, France, capital of the department of Ardèche, 70 m. S. of Lyons; pop. in 1872, 7,836. It is situated on a steep ridge near the junction of the Ouvèze and Mézayon, and contains a prefecture with a park, a small geological museum, a college and primary normal school, and manufactories of silk and other goods. It was a stronghold of the Huguenots, with an almost exclusively Protestant population. A synod of all French reformed churches was held here in 1612. Louis XIII. exterminated the Protestants in 1629, and razed the fortress in which they had taken refuge.


Prlapus, in Greek and Roman mythology, a type of fecundity, both in plants and animals, variously represented as the son of Bacchus and Venus, of Bacchus and a naiad, of Adonis and Venus, of Mercury, or of Pan. Homer and Hesiod do not mention him, and Strabo says that he was worshipped only in later times, and more especially at Lampsacus, which one tradition names as his birthplace. He was generally represented in the form of hermos, that is, by a head placed on a quadrangular pillar, and painted red. His emblem was the phallus, and bearing this his image was placed in gardens and vineyards.


Proboscidians, a division of the old order of pachyderms, elevated by Owen into an order by themselves. They include the living elephant and the fossil mammoth and mastodon. They are characterized by the prolongation of the nose into a cylindrical trunk or proboscis, at the extremity of which are the nostrils. The proboscis is very flexible and sensitive, terminating in a finger-like prehensile lobe. Dr. Cope in the summer of 1872 discovered in the eocene of Wyoming several proboscidians, of the genus eobasileus, large and robust, seeming to connect the elephant with the rhinoceros and dinotherium. (See "American Naturalist" for December, 1872).