See Ximenes de Quesada.


See Mercury.


See Molinos.

Quilimane, Or Kilimane

Quilimane, Or Kilimane, a town and military station in the Portuguese territory of Mozambique, on the E. coast of Africa, situated on the left bank of the river Quilimane, the N. arm of the Zambesi, 12 m. from the sea, in lat. 17° 45' S., Ion. 36° 44' E.; pop. about 12,000. It is irregularly built, some of the dwellings being of brick, some of mud, and many of reeds and grass; but there are gardens, with orange and cocoanut trees, about many of the houses. Its principal trade is the export of slaves. The Portuguese garrison consists of a commandant, a few Europeans, and about 50 native troops. Quilimane is one of the very few places on the Mozambique coast actually occupied by the Portuguese, but it is very unhealthy and fast decaying.


See Kilwa.


Quimper, a town of France, capital of the department of Finistère, on the Odet, 32 m. S. E. of Brest and 13 m. from the Atlantic; pop. in 1872, 13,159. It is partly surrounded by ancient walls and watch towers. The cathedral of St. Brentin, begun in 1239 and finished in 1493, was rebuilt in 1858 from the designs of Viollet-le-Duc. There are ship yards, manufactories of pottery, fisheries, and trade in grain, horses, honey, and cattle. Formerly it was the capital of Cornouailles.

Quinary System

See Entomology, and Ornithology.

Quinic Acid

See Kinic Acid.

Quinine, Or Quinia

See Cinchona.

Quintin Crawford

See Craufurd.

Quintus Aurelius Symmachus

Quintus Aurelius Symmachus, a Roman author of the 4th century A. D. He was educated in Gaul, and, after being quaestor and praetor, was appointed in A. D. 365 corrector of Lucania and the Bruttii. In 373 he was proconsul of Africa, in 384 prefect of Rome, and in 391 consul. He was a sincere pagan, and labored to maintain his faith. His extant works are 10 books of epistles containing 965 letters, and fragments of orations which Angelo Mai discovered in one of the palimpsests of the Ambrosian library, and others from a Turin and Vatican manuscript. The first edition of the epistles was published in the pontificate of Julius II. One of the best is that of Scioppius (4to, Mentz, 1608).

Quintus Curtius Rufus

Quintus Curtius Rufus, a Roman historian, according to some critics contemporary with Vespasian, according to others with Constan-tine. His history, entitled Be Rebus Oestis Alexandri Magni, consisted originally of ten books, but the first two have perished, and the eight that remain are by no means perfect. It is written in a pleasing though inflated style, and is not a good historical authority. The best edition is that of Zumpt (Berlin, 1849).

Quintus Curtius Rufus #1

See Curtius.

Quintus Icilius

See Gitischard.

Quintus Roscius

Quintus Roscius, a Roman comic actor, born at Solonium, near Lanuvium, died in 62 B. C. Sulla gave him a gold ring, the symbol of equestrian rank. He is frequently spoken of in terms of the highest praise and affection by Cicero, who in his youth received instruction from him, and afterward defended him in a lawsuit. Roscius wrote a treatise in which he compared eloquence and acting. According to Macrobius he received 1,000 denarii (about $150) every day, and Pliny says that he yearly gained 50,000,000 sesterces.