See Franciscans.


Recorder, an obsolete wind instrument, resembling the flageolet, though by some writers it has been confounded with the flute. It is said to have had six vents. Its tone was soft and pleasing, whence Milton speaks of "flutes and soft recorders".


See Light, vol. x., p. 440, and Pigments.

Red Bird

See Cardinal Bird.

Red Fin

See Dace.

Red Willow

Red Willow, a S. county of Nebraska, bordering on Kansas, formed since the census of 1870; area, 720 sq. m. It is intersected by the Republican river and its branches. The surface is undulating or level.


See Robin.


See Linnet.

Redshid Pasha

See Reshid Pasha.


See Sandal Wood, and Sequoia.

Redwood #1

Redwood, a S. W. county of Minnesota, bounded N. E. by the Minnesota river, and intersected by the Redwood, Sleepy Eye, and Big Cottonwood rivers; area, about 1,100 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,829. The surface is uneven and consists largely of prairies; the soil is good. The chief productions in 1870 were 5,409 bushels of wheat, 2,240 of Indian corn, 6,978 of oats, 1,880 of potatoes, and 882 tons of hay. Capital, Redwood Falls.

Reed Bird

See Bobolink.


See Ruff.


See Freezing, Artificial.


Refugio, a S. county of Texas, on the gulf of Mexico, bounded N. E. by the Guadelupe river and Espiritu Santo bay, and S. W. by the Aransas, and intersected by the San Antonio, Mission, and other rivers; area, 1,310 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,324, of whom 246 were colored. It has a level surface and a generally fertile soil. Aransas bay lies chiefly in the S. part. The chief productions in 1870 were 41,555 bushels of Indian corn, 20,504 of sweet potatoes, and 13,955 lbs. of wool. There were 9,949 horses, 1,002 mules and asses, 101,925 cattle, 4,858 sheep, and 4,333 swine. Capital, Refugio.


See Rowing.


See Ice, vol. ix., p. 146.


See Ratisbon.


Regiment, a body of troops, whether infantry, cavalry, or artillery, numbering from 800 to 2,400 men, and commanded by a colonel and one or more lieutenant colonels and majors, according to the number of battalions into which it is divided. The battalions are subdivided into companies, each of which is commanded by a captain and one or more lieutenants. The regiment forms the third subdivision of an army corps, or, where the division by corps is omitted, of an army, two or more regiments constituting a brigade, and two or more brigades a division. It originated in the French service about 1560.

Reginald Scot

Reginald Scot, an English author, died in 1599. He was educated at Oxford, but never took a degree, and passed the greater part of his life on his paternal estate near Smeeth in Kent. His "Discoverie of Witchcraft" (1584), in which he combats the popular opinion that the devil has the power of controlling the course of nature, was burned by the common hangman. James I. wrote his "Demonologie," he informs us, "chiefly against the damnable opinions of Wierus and Scot, the latter of whom is not ashamed in public print to deny there can be such a thing as witchcraft." Scot's work passed through three editions, and was translated into French and German. It is now exceedingly rare. In 1576 he published a "Perfect Platform of a Hop Garden".