Rudolf Roth, a German orientalist, born in Stuttgart, April 3, 1821. He studied in Tübingen, Berlin, Paris, and London, and became in 1856 professor of oriental languages at Tübingen. He has published Zur Literatur und Geschichte des Veda (1846); an edition of Yaska's Nirukta (1852); the Atharva Veda, in conjunction with Prof. W. D. Whitney (1856-'7); Weber den Mythus von den fünf Menschengeschlechtern (1860); and Weber die Vorstellung vom Schicksal in der indischen Sprachweisheit (1866). His principal work is a large Sanskrit dictionary, prepared in conjunction with Böhtlingk, and published by the St. Petersburg academy of sciences (1853-'75).
Rudolf Zacharias Becker, a German author, born at Erfurt, April 9, 1752, died March 28, 1822. He studied theology at Jena, and became a teacher and journalist at Dessau, and eventually at Gotha, where the wide circulation of his writings led him in 1797 to establish a publishing house. Over 500,000 copies of his Noth- und Hulfsbuchlein, oder lehrreiche Freuden- und Trauergeschichte des Dorfes Mildheim (Gotha, 1787-98), were sold within a few years in Germany and in foreign translations. He made a valuable addition to German art by his edition of Holzschnitte alter deuUcher Meister (1808-'16). In 1814 appeared Becker's Leiden und Freuden in sieben-zeh a monatlicher framoeischer Gefangenschaft, a narrative of his imprisonment by the French (1811-'13) on account of his alleged conspiracy against Napoleon.
Rudolph Jordan, a German painter, born in Berlin in 1810. He studied in that city and in Dusseldorf, resided for a long time in Heligoland, and became known as a marine and genre painter. His " Interior of a Pilot's House " (1831) has been purchased for the royal gallery at Babelsberg, and his "Proposal of Marriage in Heligoland" (1834) has been often lithographed. His other masterpieces comprise "An Examination of Pilots," "Shipwreck on the Coast of Normandy," in the gallery of the earl of Ellesmere, and pictures of life in the Dutch islands.
Rudolphe Topffer, a Swiss novelist, born in Geneva, Feb. 17, 1790, died there, June 8,1846. He began life as a landscape and genre painter, and subsequently became professor of aesthetics at the academy of Geneva. His works include Le presbytere (Geneva, 1839; English translation, "The Parsonage," London, 1848); La bibliothique de mon oncle (1843); Rose et Gertrude (1845); Nouvelles genevoises (Paris, 1845); and Collection des histoires en estampes (6 vols., French and German, Geneva, 1846).
Rufus Dawes, an American poet, born in Boston, Jan. 26, 1803, died in Washington, Nov. 30, 1859. He entered Harvard college in 1820, but did not graduate, on account of a charge of participating in some disturbance. The charge was afterward disproved, and furnished the occasion for his first published poem, directed against the Harvard faculty. He was admitted to the bar, but never practised. He was a contributor to the "United States Literary Gazette," and conducted for a time "The Emerald," a journal printed at Baltimore. He published in 1830 "The Valley of the Nasha-way, and other Poems;" and in 1839, "Ger-aldine, Athenia of Damascus, and Miscellaneous Poems," comprising descriptions of natural scenery, songs, and odes. The next year he published "Nix's Mate," a historical romance. He was a Swedenborgian, and frequently preached.