Saltpetre

See Nitrates.

Saltzbijrg

See Salzbubg.

Saluzzo

Saluzzo (Fr. Saluces), a town of Piedmont, Italy, capital of a circle in the province of Coni, 30 m. S. S. W. of Turin; pop. about 16,000. It contains a cathedral, a gymnasium, and a statue of Silvio Pellico, who was born here.

The old castle, where Griseldis is said to have been imprisoned, has been converted into a penitentiary. Wine, grain, cattle, and ice are dealt in, and there are silk looms, tanneries, and hat manufactories. In the middle ages Saluzzo formed a margraviate, which in the latter part of the 14th century became dependent upon Savoy. In the 16th century its possession was disputed by France and Savoy, but in 1601 Henry IV. gave it up to the latter, receiving a compensation in other territories.

Salvia

See Sage.

Salzach, Or Salza

See Salzburg.

Samana

See Santo Domingo.

Samar

See Philippine Islands.

Samara

I. An E. Government Of European Russia

An E. Government Of European Russia, bordering on Ufa, Orenburg, Astrakhan, Saratov, and Simbirsk; area, 60,197 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,837,081. The river Volga forms its W. frontier, and it is drained by the Samara, the Irgis, and other affluents of the Volga. The government was erected in 1850.

II. A City

A City, capital of the government, at the confluence of the Samara with the Volga, 518 m. E. S. E. of Moscow; pop. in 1867, 34,494. It is the seat of a Greek bishop, is the chief corn market on the Volga, and has a growing trade in cattle, sheep, fish, caviare, skins, leather, and tallow. Along the Volga are many German and Swiss settlements.

Samarang

I. A Province On The N. Coast Of Java

A Province On The N. Coast Of Java; area about 1,500 sq. m.; pop. in 1868, 1,001,252, of whom 5,162 were Europeans. It has numerous rivers, navigable for boats within the limits of the tide. The S. W. boundary is formed by a volcanic range of mountains which rises to the height of 9,000 and 10,000 ft. Along the sea there is a low alluvial plain. The country is very fertile, producing coffee, sugar, cotton, indigo, tobacco, pepper, and rice, of which large quantities are exported.

II. A City

A City, capital of the province, near the mouth of the river Sama-rang, about 250 m. E. by S. of Batavia; pop. about 30,000. It is an important commercial centre; there are cotton and leather manufactories; and a railway built in 1868 connects it with the rich agricultural region of the interior.

Same, Or Samos

See Cephalonia.

Samnel Daniell

Samnel Daniell, an English artist and traveller, born in 1777, died in the island of Ceylon in 1811. He spent three years at the Cape of Good Hope, and then visited the interior of Africa, making sketches of the scenery and people, which he brought to England in 1804, when they were published, with an account of the animals of southern Africa. He afterward went to the island of Ceylon, and during a residence of six years collected a large amount of similar materials, one volume of which was published, with a description of that country and its inhabitants, in 1808.