Sanford, a N. W. county of Alabama, bordering on Mississippi, and drained by affluents of the Tombigbee river; area, about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,893, of whom 1,563 were colored. The surface is rolling and the soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 18,672 bushels of wheat, 219,437 of Indian corn, 14,128 of oats, 31,619 of sweet potatoes, 72,157 lbs. of butter, and 1,825 bales of cotton. There were 1,462 horses, 496 mules and asses, 2,518 milch cows, 4,470 other cattle, 6,784 sheep, and 11,463 swine. Capital, Vernon.


Sangamon, a central county of Illinois, intersected by the Sangamon river, and traversed by several important railroads; area, 936 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 46,352. The surface is mostly level prairie land diversified with forests of good timber. Bituminous coal is found in abundance. The chief productions in 1870 were 336,962 bushels of wheat, 4,388,763 of Indian corn, 397,718 of oats, 187,494 of potatoes, 50,682 tons of hay, 117,736 lbs. of wool, 554,196 of butter, and 58,487 of honey. There were 16,395 horses, 3,046 mules and asses, 8,897 milch cows, 26,219 other cattle, 29,749 sheep, and 76,429 swine; 5 manufactories of agricultural implements, 28 of carriages and wagons, 2 of iron castings, 2 of engines and boilers, 14 of saddlery and harness, 1 woollen mill, 15 flour mills, and 7 saw mills. Capital, Springfield, also the capital of the state.


See Bloodroot.


Sanilac, an E. county of Michigan, bordering on Lake Huron and drained by the head streams of Black and Cass rivers; area, about 1,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1874, 16,292. It has an undulating and well timbered surface, and a moderately fertile soil. The chief productions in 1870 were 112,055 bushels of wheat, 49,782 of peas and beans, 145,396 of oats, 103,990 of potatoes, 14,901 tons of hay, 32,593 lbs. of wool, 250,832 of butter, and 32,999 of maple sugar. There were 1,941 horses, 3,265 milch cows, 1,419 working oxen, 3,700 other cattle, 9,182 sheep, and 3,760 swine; 4 flour mills, 16 saw mills, 5 manufactories of carriages and wagons, and 3 of furniture. Capital, Lexington.

Sanmele Jesi

Sanmele Jesi, an Italian engraver, born in Milan about 1789, died in Florence, Jan. 17, 1853. He was a pupil of Longhi, and first brought himself into notice by his engraving of the Madonna with St. John and St..Stephen, from Fra Bartolommeo's picture in the cathedral at Lucca. Subsequently he devoted himself to the works of Raphael. His portraits of Leo X. and Cardinals Rossi and Giulio de' Medici, from the original in the Pitti palace, are much admired. The latter is said to have occupied him five years.

Sannazaro, Or San Nazaro, Jacopo

Sannazaro, Or San Nazaro, Jacopo, an Italian poet, born in Naples in 1458, died there in 1530. His first poetical compositions obtained him the patronage of Frederick III. of Naples, whom he afterward followed into exile, returning to Naples only after the death of his benefactor, and declining the protection of Gonsalvo de Cordova. His chief works are: the Arcadia (4to, Venice, 1502; Naples, 1504; Milan, 1808), a pastoral romance, which had upward of 60 editions in the 16th century; his six Eclogoe (published with the following), according to Paolo Giovio his most perfect work, in which the coast populations of Italy replace the shepherds of Virgil; and De Par-tu Virginia Libri III. (fol., Naples, 1526; Venice, 1528, 1535; Amsterdam, 1679, 1728), of which Hallam says: "It would be difficult to find its equal for purity, elegance, and harmony of versification".