Sebastien Bourdon, a French painter, born at Montpellier in 1616, died in Paris in 1671. He became acquainted with Claude Lorraine in Rome, where he was denounced as a Calvinist, and obliged to return to Paris. There he was one of the founders of the academy of painting and sculpture. Exiled to Stockholm during the troubles of the Fronde, he was employed by Queen Christina as her principal painter; but when she embraced Roman Catholicism he returned to France. Many of his works, remarkable for a brilliant and easy style, are in French galleries, especially in the Louvre, which possesses his masterpiece, the "Crucifixion of St. Peter." He also excelled as an engraver, his prints in aquafortis exceeding 100.
Sebastien Cramoisy, a French printer, born in Paris in 1585, died in January, 1669. He was the first director of the royal printing office established at the Louvre in 1640. Many of the specimens of his work are very fine. He was one of the society of 100 associates founded by Cardinal Richelieu for colonizing Canada, and printed many of the Jesuit relations on that colony, and Pere du Creux's Latin history of it. His business was continued by his family till the close of the 18th century.
Sebastien Leclerc, a French engraver, born in Metz, Sept. 26, 1637, died in Paris, Oct. 25, 1714. He became proficient in the art of design under the tuition of his father, a goldsmith, and was for some time a geographical engineer, but finally devoted himself to engraving. Colbert placed him at the Gobelins with a pension of 1,800 francs. He was elected to the academy of painting, and was professor of perspective from 1672 to 1702, when he retired on a small pension. He formed his style upon that of Lebrun, improving it, however, by a careful study of Raphael. His published designs include nearly 4,000 subjects, all executed with remarkable correctness and elegance. Among his publications are valuable treatises on geometry, architecture, and perspective. - One of his ten children, Laurent Josse Leclerc (1677-1736), was a professor of divinity, and a writer of some merit.
Sebastien Mclchior Cornu, a French painter, born in Lyons in 1804. He studied with Ingres at Paris, and after protracted visits to Italy and the East established himself in that city. He has attained considerable eminence as a painter of history, sacred and profane, genre subjects, and portraits. Among his chief productions are "Christ and the Doctors," "St. Anna instructing the Virgin," "The Crucifixion," and "The Surrender of Ascalon to Baldwin III." He was charged with the completion of the decoration of the church of St. Germain des Pres, interrupted by the death of Flandrin, and in 1862 was appointed director of the musee Napoleon III., then newly established in the Louvre. He has received medals of the first, second, and third classes, and is an officer of the legion of honor.