Simeon, the second son of Jacob and Leah. He and his brother Levi were guilty of gross deception and ferocity in their murder of the Shechemites, for which they received their father's curse. Simeon's inheritance as a tribe was not a compact territory, but a small district within the limits of that of Judah, and some tracts in Mount Seir and the district of Gedor. The descendants of Simeon amounted at the exodus to 59,300; but only 22,200 entered the promised land.
Simeon Denis Poisson, a French mathematician, born at Pithiviers, June 21, 1781, died at Sceaux, near Paris, April 25,1840. In 1798 he was admitted to the polytechnic school, subsisting upon an income which barely kept him from starving; and in 1800 he was appointed an instructor there. He became professor in 1802, was attached in 1808 to the bureau of longitudes, of which he afterward became president, was chosen professor of mechanics of the faculty of sciences in 1809, member of the institute in 1812, examiner at the polytechnic school in 1816, counsellor of the university in 1820, and a peer of France in 1837. He was principally distinguished for his researches in the theory of definite integrals, and his application of the higher mathematics to mechanics and molecular physics. He was the author of about 300 memoirs on scientific subjects. His most important work is his Traite de mecanique (2 vols., Paris, 1811; 2d ed., 1832).
Simferopol, Or Simpheropol (Turk. Ak-metchet), a town of European Russia, capital of the government of Taurida, in the Crimea, on the Salghir, 192 m. S. E. of Odessa, and 37 m. N. E. of Sebastopol; pop. in 1867, 17,797. It stands on a plateau at the foot of lofty hills. The old part of the town, built by the Tartars, is very irregularly laid out, and has a miserable appearance; the new, built by the Russians, has wide straight streets and a spacious square.
Simon Andre Tissot, a Swiss physician, born at Grancy, in the canton of Vaud, March 20, 1728, died in Lausanne, June 15, 1797. He studied at Geneva and Montpellier, settled at Lausanne about 1750, acquired great eminence as a practitioner, and became professor in the university. In 1780 he accepted' the professorship of clinical medicine at Pavia, and in 1783 returned to Switzerland. His most important works are: Historia Epidemics Lau-saniensis Anni 1755 (Lausanne, 1758; French, 1759); L'Onanisme (Latin and French, 1760; latest ed., revised and enlarged by M. A. Petit, Lyons, 1856); Avis au peuple sur la sante (1761; 12th ed., 1799); and De la sante des gens de lettres, suivi de l'essai sur maladies des gens du monde (1768-'70; new ed., revised by Bertrand de Saint-Germain, Paris, 1859). His complete works have been edited by Halle, with a biography and annotations (11 vols., Paris, 1809-'13).
Simon Browne, an English theologian, born at Shepton-Mallet, Somersetshire, in 1680, died in 1732. He was pastor of dissenting congregations in Portsmouth and London. In 1723, after the sudden death of his wife and only son, he conceived that the Almighty had taken away from him his rational soul, resigned his pastoral office, withdrew to his native town, and refused all society. Yet it was during this retirement that he published his principal works, which were directed against the opinions of Woolston and Tindal, and which display learning and a vigorous understanding.