Steelyard

See Balance.

Steen Steensen Blicher

Steen Steensen Blicher, a Danish author, born at Vium, province of Viborg, Oct. 11,1782, died at Spentrup, Jutland, March 26, 1848. He was a graduate of the university of Copenhagen, and a clergyman at Thorning and at Spentrup. He translated Ossian (2 vols., 1807 -'9), published poems (1814-'17), and wrote for the album Sneeklokken (1826) and the monthly magazine Nordlyset (1827-'9). In some of his best ballads he employed the dialect of Jutland, and he described the popular life of that country in some of his novels. His select poetry was published at Copenhagen in 2 vols., 1835-'6, and a third complete edition of his works in 1861-'2, in 8 vols.

Steier, Or Steyr Steyer

Steier, Or Steyr Steyer, a town of Upper Austria, between the Steyer and the Enns, at their junction, 19 m. S. E. of Linz; pop. in 1870, 13,392. It is united with its suburbs Ennsdorf and Steyerdorf by two bridges. There are extensive manufactures of hardware and cutlery in the town and surrounding villages. It was once the capital of a county, and till 1192 belonged to Styria, which from it derived its name (Ger. Steyermark).

Steinbock

See Ibex.

Stendhal

See Beyle.

Stenography

Stenography, a method of abbreviating ordinary writing by the use of signs, now almost universally superseded by phonography or phonetic shorthand. (See Phonography).

Stentgr

Stentgr, a Grecian herald in the Trojan war, from whose name is derived the word stentorian. Homer describes him as "greathearted, brazen-voiced Stentor, who shouted as loud as fifty other men".

Stephen Day

Stephen Day, the first printer in New England, born in England in 1611, died in Cambridge, Mass., Dec. 22, 1668. He came to America in 1638, and commenced printing at Cambridge, by direction of the magistrates and elders, in 1639. The first thing printed was the "Freeman's Oath," in 1639; next in the same year an almanac, made by Wm. Pierce, mariner; then the Psalms, "newly turned into metre," in 1640. He also printed a catechism; "Body of Liberties," 100 laws, in 1641; and a second edition of the Psalms, 1647. From his extant works it appears that he was not a skilful printer. The printing house was taken from him about 1648, and put into the hands of Samuel Green.

Stephen Hales

Stephen Hales, an English clergyman, born at Beckesbourn, Kent, Sept. 7, 1677, died at Teddington, Middlesex, Jan. 4, 1761. He studied theology at Cambridge, became per-petual curate of Teddington, and received seve-ral other livings. He devoted himself to sci-entific pursuits, and in 1717 was made a mem-ber of the royal society, and in 1753 a foreign associate of the French academy of sciences. He acquired eminence by his "Vegetable Staticks" (1727-31; republished under the title of "Statical Essays" in 1733 and 1709), one of the earliest works on vegetable physiology; it has been translated into several languages. He wrote other works, produced some valuable inventions, and is regarded as one of the first advocates of temperance societies.