Sulphuretted Hydrogen

See IIydrosul-phurio Acid.

Sulphuric Ether

See Ether.

Sulphurous Acid

See Sulphur.

Sultan Of Ghuzni Mahmoud

See Giifznl.

Summer Red Bird

See Tanager.


Sunbury, a borough and the capital of Northumberland co., Pennsylvania, on the E. bank of the Susquehanna river, 42 m. N. of Harrisburg, and 114 m. N. W. of Philadelphia; pop. in 1870, 3,131. It has a daily and three weekly newspapers, and several manufactories and machine shops. It is connected by rail with Philadelphia and the Shamokin mining region, and about 200,000 tons of coal are shipped annually.

Sunbury #1

Sunbury, a S. central county of New Brunswick, Canada, intersected by the St. John river; area, 1,203 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 6,824, of whom 2,839 were of English, 2,655 of Irish, and 552 of Scotch origin or descent. The surface is nearly level; the soil is fertile and heavily wooded. The European and North American railway and Fredericton branch traverse the county. Capital, Oromocto.

Sunda Islands

Sunda Islands, a former designation of those islands of the Indian archipelago which surround the Java sea. They were divided into the greater and the lesser Sunda islands, the former including Sumatra, Borneo, Celebes, and Java, and the latter the chain of islands which extends from the E. extremity of Java to Papua, exclusive of the Moluccas.

Sunda Strait

Sunda Strait, an arm of the sea between the islands of Sumatra and Java, which leads from the Indian ocean to the Java sea. The length of the channel upon the Sumatra side, from Flat point, in lat. 5° 59' S., to Hog point, is about 85 m.; and upon the opposite coast, from Java head, lat. 7° 5' S., to Bantam point, about 100 m. The breadth of the strait where it joins the Indian ocean is about 70 m., and at the end next the Java sea about 20 m.

Sungaria, Or Dznngaria

See Turkistan.


Sunna (Arabic, custom, or rule), a collection of oral traditions of the sayings and practices of Mohammed and his wives, companions, and immediate successors. The believers in them are called Sunnis. They are considered the orthodox Mohammedans, and comprise the four sects of Hanifites, Malekites, Shafeites, and Hanbalites, named after their founders, all of whom recognize the Sunna as of a value second only to that of the Koran, which the Shiahsdeny. (See Shiahs.) The Sunna is also known under the name Hadis, "Tradition." While the Shiahs constitute at present the majority of the Persian and Hindoo Mohammedans, the Sunnis, and among them especially the Malekites and Shafeites, are dominant in the Ottoman empire, Arabia, Turkis-tan, and Africa.

Surajah Dowlah

See Olive, and India, vol. ix., p. 210.


See Nitrates.

Surf Bird

Surf Bird (aphriza virgata, Gray), a wading bird of the plover family, and subfamily cin-clinm or turnstones. The bill is about as long as the head, with vaulted obtuse tip and compressed sides; wings long and pointed, with the first quill the longest; tail moderate and even; tarsi as long as middle toe, robust, with small irregular scales; toes long, free at the base, sides of anterior ones margined, and hind one elevated, slender, and partly resting on the ground. It is about 10 in. long, with the wing 7 in.; dark brown above, lighter on the wing coverts, with white spots and stripes on the head and neck; upper tail coverts and basal half of tail white, the latter terminated with brownish black; under parts white, tinged with ashy in front, each feather having a brownish black crescent. It is found on the Pacific coast of North and South America, and in the Hawaiian islands, and is migratory.