Surgeon, A Bird Of The Stork Family

See Jacana.


Suricate, a carnivorous mammal of South Africa, coming near the ichneumons. It is the ryzoena (suricata) capensis (111.), and is sometimes called zenick. It is about a foot long, with a tail of 0 or 8 in., and about 6 in. high; it is nocturnal, dwelling in burrows which it excavates with its stout claws; the color is grayish brown, tinged with yellow, with obscure dark bands across the back. It is docile and intelligent, and is often domesticated for the destruction of vermin.

Suricate (Ryzaena capensis).

Suricate (Ryzaena capensis).


Surinam, a river of Dutch Guiana, which rises in the mountains on the S. frontier, flows through the centre of the colony, and falls into the Atlantic about 10 m. below Paramaribo after a course of about 300 m. It has several tributaries, and is navigable for large vessels about 30 m. from its mouth.

Surinam, Or Dutch Guiana

See Guiana.


Surrey, a S. E. county of England, bordering on Middlesex (from which it is separated by the Thames), Kent, Sussex, Hampshire, and Berkshire; area, 748 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 1,090,270. That part of the county which lies on the Thames, with much of the land on the borders, is exceedingly fertile. Parts of the shire are famed for the beauty of their scenery. The principal streams are the Wey, Mole, and Wandle, which fall into the Thames. There are extensive market gardens and flower farms, where besides flowers medicinal herbs are raised in large quantities. Numerous canals and railroads intersect the county. Silk, woollen goods, hosiery, paper, earthenware, leather, and ale are manufactured. Besides Southwark, Lambeth, and other portions of London, the most important places are the three county towns, Guildford, Croydon, and Kingston, and Epsom, Reigate, Farnham, and Godalming.


See Probate.


Susiana (also Susis and Cissia), an ancient province or region of Persia, of great extent, mountainous in the northeast, but mostly a plain, lying between the Zagros mountains and the Tigris, bounded N. by Media and S. by the Persian gulf. It nearly corresponded to the modern province of Khuzistan. It was drained by the Pasitigris (supposed to be the lower Karun), the Eulaeus (the upper Karun), the Choaspes (Kerkha), the Coprates (Abzal), the Hedypnus (Jerrahi), and the Oroatis (Tab). Its earliest inhabitants were the Elymsei, probably the Elamites of Scripture, a portion of whom still occupied it in the time of Strabo; the other tribes mentioned as settled in the province are the Susii, who were agriculturists and had their villages on the plain, and the Cissii, Cossaei, Uxii, and Messabatas, all predatory mountaineers. (See Elymais, and Khuzistan).


Sutherland, a N. county of Scotland, bordering on the Pentland frith, Caithness, the North sea, Ross-shire, and the Minch; area, 1,886 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 24,317 Several small islands which lie off the N. and W. coasts are included in the county. On these sides the coasts are generally high and bold, and are indented by numerous arms of the sea; but that on the east is flat with a low sandy beach. The interior is mountainous, the highest summit being 3,280 ft. above the sea. The rivers are all small with short courses, but there are numerous lakes. The principal crops are oats, barley, and potatoes. Sheep farming is extensively carried on. Game, including deer, is abundant. Dornoch, the capital, is the only town. Great improvements were made by the dukes of Sutherland, proprietors of most of the county, aided by parliament.