Tamerlane

See Timour.

Tamils, Or Tamuls

See India, Races and Languages of, vol. ix., p. 215.

Tampico, Or Santa Ana De Tamaulipas

Tampico, Or Santa Ana De Tamaulipas, a seaport town of Mexico, in the state of Tamauli-pas, on the river Panuco, 5 m. from the gulf of Mexico, and 235 m. N. N. W. of Vera Cruz; pop. about 5,500. It is on rising ground, with wide streets crossing at right angles. The houses are mostly of stone, and there are two churches, a custom house, two hospitals, a prison, and some monuments. The harbor is not very safe, and has a dangerous bar. The commerce is principally with New York, Kew Orleans, and Liverpool, and to the latter port there is a regular line of steamers. For the year ending Sept. 30, 1874, the value of imports was $715,1821; of exports, $1,836,472, including $1,264,015 specie.

Tanais

See Don.

Tangipahoa

Tangipahoa, a S. E. parish of Louisiana, bounded N. by Mississippi and S. by Lakes Pontchartrain and Maurepas, and intersected by the Tangipahoa river; area, about 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,928, of whom 2,994 were colored; in 1875, 7,248, of whom 3,196 were colored. The surface is low and level, and the soil in some parts fertile, in others sandy. It is traversed by the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 64,023 bushels of Indian corn, 35,809 of sweet potatoes, 1,642 bales of cotton, 20,423 lbs. of butter, 9,071 of wool, and 57,030 of rice. There were 772 horses, 1,480 milch cows, 4,877 other cattle, 3,457 sheep, and 6,270 swine. Capital, Amite City.

Tanning

See Leather, vol. x., p. 275.

Tantalus

Tantalus, a character of Greek mythology, differently described as king of Argos, Corinth, Lydia, or Paphlagonia. Having given offence to the gods, he was punished in the lower world by confinement in a lake, where ho was tormented with thirst, yet could not drink, for the waters always receded from his lips. Branches laden with fruit hung over his head, and when he stretched forth his hand to take the fruit the branches withdrew.

Tantalum

See Columbium.

Taos

Taos, the N. W. county of New Mexico, bordering on Colorado and Arizona; area, about 7,500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,079. It is watered by the Rio Grande and the Rio de Chama, one of its tributaries, and by the San Juan, a branch of the Colorado, and is crossed by several spurs of the Rocky mountains. Gold mining is carried on to some extent. The chief productions in 1870 were 153,799 bushels of wheat, 80,224 of Indian corn, 21,542 of oats, 15,040 of peas and beans, 2,323 of potatoes, and 90,503 lbs. of wool. There were 1,043 horses, 999 mules and asses, 924 milch cows, 2,600 working oxen, 4,104 other cattle, 81,108 sheep, and 688 swine; 2 flour mills, and 1 quartz mill. Capital, Fernandez de Taos.

Tape Grass

See Valisneria.

Tapeworm

See Entozoa, vol. vi., p. GG3'.

Tapioca

See Cassava.

Tarare

Tarare, a town of France, in the department of the Rhone, on the Tardine, 21 m. N. W. of Lyons; pop. in 1872, 13,694. It is situated at the foot of Mount Tarare, and is celebrated for its muslin manufactures.