Tarsus, a city of Asiatic Turkey, in the vilayet and 20 m. W. S. W. of the city of Adana, on the right bank of the Cydnus, about 10 m. from the Mediterranean; pop. about 8,000. It stands in a fertile plain, and is well built of stone. It has an ancient church,, several mosques, handsome caravansaries, and public baths. Wheat, barley, cotton, copper, and gall nuts are exported. - Tarsus is said by the ancients to have been founded by Sarda-napalus. It was taken by Alexander, and under the Romans rivalled Athens, Antioch', and Alexandria. It was the birthplace of the apostle Paul and of several Greek philosophers, poets, and grammarians.

Tartar Emetic

Tartar Emetic, a double tartrate of antimony and potassium. (See Antimony).


Tartarus, in the Grecian mythology, a son of .AEther and Gaea, and the father of the giants Typhseus and Echidna. In the Iliad Tartarus is a place as far below Hades as heaven is above the earth, and there by later writers the spirits of the wicked are said to be punished. By the later poets also the name is often used synonymously with Hades.


Tate, a N. W. county of Mississippi, formed in 1873 from De Soto and Marshall counties; area, 406 sq. m.; pop. about 12,000. It is drained by Coldwater river, and traversed by the Mississippi and Tennessee railroad. The surface is undulating, and the soil fertile. The chief crops are wheat, Indian corn, sweet potatoes, and cotton. Capital, Senatobia.


Tatnall, a S. E. county of Georgia, bounded S. by the Altamaha and N. E. by the Can-nouchee, and intersected by the Great Ohoopee river; area, about 1,200 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,860, of whom 1,280 were colored. The surface is level, and the soil sandy and mostly poor. The chief productions in 1870 were 74,684 bushels of Indian corn, 28,117 of oats, 25,386 of sweet potatoes, 314 bales of cotton, 23,834 lbs. of wool, and 120,012 of rice. There were 699 horses, 700 mules and asses, 4,567 milch cows, 15,138 other cattle, 12,030 sheep, and 13,420 swine. Capital, Reedsville.


Tatta, a town of British India, in Sinde, on the W. bank of the Indus a few miles above the head of the delta, 48 m. S. S. W. of Hydrabad; pop. about 10,000. It stands on ground slightly elevated by ruins, which are exceedingly abundant in the vicinity, and include an old cemetery said to contain 1,000,000 tombs. The town is much decayed. During the season when the river overflows its banks it is almost completely surrounded by water. There are some manufactures of cotton and silk goods, but the trade is not very extensive. Tatta is supposed to be the ancient Pattala. The Portuguese plundered it in 1555, and the British established a factory there in 1758.


I. A S. W. Lan Or Government Of Finland

Russia; Area A S. W. Lan Or Government Of Finland, 8,324 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 193,477, all Lutherans. It is mountainous, and has many lakes. Corn, hemp, flax, and cattle are produced.

II. A Town

A Town, capital of the lan, 85 m. N. E. of Abo; pop. in 1867, 3,150. The first Finnish railway was opened in 1862 hence to Helsingfors.