See Laconia.


I. A S. W. Government Of Russia

A S. W. Government Of Russia, bordering on Mohilev, Smolensk, Orel, Kursk, Poltava, Kiev, and Minsk; area, 20,231 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,659,600. The surface, with the exception of the western portion, is flat, and the soil is particularly fertile. It is well watered, the most important rivers being the Dnieper, which flows on the W. boundary, and its affluent the Desna, which intersects the government. Horses, horned cattle, and sheep are abundant, and the breeds of the first two are particularly good. The manufactures are chiefly articles for domestic use. Much honey, wax, and brandy are produced.

II. A City

A City, capital of the government, on the Desna, 385 m. S. W. of Moscow; pop. in 1867, 17,096. It is an old town, and has a castle, a beautiful cathedral, several schools, and a large trade.

Tchihatcheff Petr

Tchihatcheff Petr, a Russian traveller, born at Gatchina in 1812. After he had served in the department of foreign affairs and as attache to the embassy in Constantinople, the government commissioned him to explore the Altai mountains. He has published, besides other works, Voyage scientifique dans l'Altai et dans les contrees adjacentes (Paris, 1846); L'Asie Mineure: description physique, statis-tique et archeologique de cette contree (8 vols., Paris, 1853-'69); and Le Bosphore et Constantinople, of geological interest (1864).


Tegea, an ancient city of Greece, in the S. E. part of Arcadia. Its territory was called Te-geatis. It is mentioned in the Iliad. Its early history was marked by a constant war with the Spartans, and about 560 B.C. it fell into their hands. About 500 Tegeans fought at Thermopylae, and 3,000 at Plataea. Tegea became a member of the Arcadian confederacy after the battle of Leuctra (371), and subsequently of the AEtolian league. After the Roman conquest of Greece it continued to be a place of; considerable importance, but about A. I). 400 was totally destroyed by Alaric, Its remains, found near the village of Peali, about 4 m. from Tripolitza, consist of broken columns, friezes, and architraves, and a church in ruins.


Tehama, a N. county of California, lying between the Sierra Nevada and the Coast range, and intersected by the Sacramento river; area, 2,800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,587, of whom 294 were Chinese. Lassen's peak, in the N. E. corner, is 10,577 ft. high. The E. portion is partly rocky and barren and partly covered with forests of pine. In the west are several well watered and fertile valleys. Some gold is found in the Sierra Nevada, and salt and medicinal springs of great value in the Coast range. The Oregon division of the Central Pacific railroad traverses it. The chief productions in 1870 were 404,722 bushels of wheat, 108,323 of barley, 445,456 lbs. of wool, 68,185 of butter, 33,000 gallons of wine, and 6,549 tons of hay. There were 3,069 horses, 2,157 milch cows, 9,408 other cattle, 130,868 sheep, and 19,459 swine; 3 flour mills, 6 saw mills, and 2 manufactories of gloves and mittens. Capital, Red Bluff.