See Moncreiff.


Wen, an encysted tumor, usually growing upon some part of the hairy scalp. It consists of a closed sac, of fibrous texture, more or less closely connected with the neighboring parts, but generally capable of being enucleated entire by careful dissection, and filled with a soft, whitish, opaque, curdy material. The contents of the sac consist of granular fat mixed with fluid oil globules, a great abundance of epithelium scales, and very often crystals of cholesterine. Wens are regarded as usually resulting from the accidental closure and subsequent hypertrophy and distention of one of the sebaceous follicles, the epithelium cells and semi-solid oleaginous or sebaceous materials gradually accumulating. They become inconvenient after a time by the distention of the skin over their more prominent portion, but are usually easily removed by a simple surgical operation.


Wentworth, a S. county of Ontario, Canada, bounded N. E. by Lake Ontario; area, 454 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 57,599, of whom 19,154 were of English, 16,737 of Irish, 12,415 of Scotch, and 7,036 of German origin or descent. It is watered by several streams, and traversed by the Great Western and the Hamilton and Lake Erie railways. Capital, Hamilton.

Wentworth Dillon Roscommon

Wentworth Dillon Roscommon, earl of, an English poet, born in Ireland about 1634, died Jan. 17, 1684. He was the nephew of the earl of Strafford, after whose impeachment he went to the continent. After the restoration he held various offices about the court. An edition of his poems was published in 1717, and in the same year his "Essay on Translated Verse." He is reputed to be the only popular poet of the reign of Charles II. whose writings are not immoral.


Wermland, a S. W. Ian of Sweden, in Svealand, bordering on Norway, and including Lake Wener in the south; area, §,520 sq. m.; pop. in 1874, 265,027. Its capital, Carlstad, is situated on an island near the N. E. shore of Lake "Wener. The lake has an area of about 2,000 sq. m., and, excepting Ladoga and Onega in Russia, is the largest lake in Europe. Its main affluent is the Klar, and among the finest mountains on its shores is the Kinnekulle, about 1,000 ft. high. Wermland is generally mountainous, and is richer in iron mines than any other part of Sweden, the principal being at Presberg. The drainage of the mining regions runs into Lake Wener.

Weser (Anc. Visurgis)

Weser (Anc. Visurgis), a river of Germany, formed by the union of the Werra and the Fulda at Münden in the Prussian province of Hanover, and navigable throughout its length. It flows northward about 250 m. in a tortuous course, and falls into the North sea by an estuary 45 m. below Bremen. Its principal affluents are the Aller, from the right, and the Hunte, from the left. The most important towns on its banks are Bremen, the fortress of Minden, Rinteln, and Hameln.