Wessex (That Is West Saxony)

Wessex (That Is West Saxony), a kingdom of the Saxon heptarchy in England during the 6th, 7th, and 8th centuries. It was founded about 500 by Cerdic, under whom it comprised the present counties of Southampton (including the Isle of Wight), Dorset, Wilts, and Berks. One of its sovereigns, Egbert, obtained an acknowledgment of superiority from the other kingdoms about 827, and is usually called the first king of England.

West Baton Rouge

West Baton Rouge, a S. E. parish of Louisiana, bounded E. by the Mississippi river and W. by Bayou Fordoche; area, about 225 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,114, of whom 3,404 were colored; in 1875, 5,742, of whom 3,996 were colored. The surface is low, and much of it subject to inundation; the soil is fertile. It is traversed by the Baton Rouge, Grosse Tête, and Opelousas railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 24,955 bushels of Indian corn, 2,445 bales of cotton, 806 hogsheads of sugar, and 50,740 gallons of molasses. There were 379 horses, 753 mules and asses, 1,231 cattle, and 280 swine. Capital, Allain.

West Bridgewater

See Bridgewater.

West Feliciana

West Feliciana, a S. E. parish of Louisiana, bounded N. by Mississippi, E. by Thompson's creek, and S. and W. by the Mississippi river; area, about 350 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,499, of whom 8,915 were colored; in 1875, 12,156, of whom 10,058 were colored. The surface is undulating, and the soil fertile. It is traversed by the West Feliciana railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 66,029 bushels of Indian corn, 10,200 of sweet potatoes, 7,967 bales of cotton, 290 hogsheads of sugar, and 29,500 gallons of molasses. There were 671 horses, 940 mules and asses, 1,013 milch cows, 1,684 other cattle, 1,152 sheep, and 894 swine. Capital, St. Francisville.

West Indies

See Antilles, and West Indies.


I. Richard

Richard, an English painter, born in Hertford in 1765, died Dec. 4, 1836. He served an apprenticeship to an engraver, but took up painting and designing, and executed water-color drawings chiefly on subjects from classical mythology. He furnished some of the designs for Boydell's " Shakespeare Gallery." He lost largely by speculations in pictures. He was elected a royal academician in 1794.

II. William

William, brother of the preceding, born in Hertford, Oct. 12, 1781, died Jan. 22, 1850. He was educated in the school of the royal academy, and in 1801 accompanied Capt. Flinders in his voyage of discovery, in the course of which he visited Australia, China, and India, made a large number of sketches, and painted some elaborate views of the coasts and interior 6f Australia. He published several volumes of views in England and the East.

Wester Norrland

See Wester Norrlaxd.

Wester Norrland, Or Hernosand

Wester Norrland, Or Hernosand, an E. central lan of Sweden, bordering on the gulf of Bothnia; area, 9,515 sq. m.; pop. in 1874,143,614. It is watered by numerous lakes and the rivers Angerman, Adals, and Indals. Capital, Hernosand.