William Hayley, an English author, born in Chichester in 1745, died in Felpham, Nov. 20, 1820. He was educated at Eton and Cambridge, and studied law, but being rich devoted himself to literature. In 1792 he made the acquaintance of Cowper, whose life he afterward wrote (1802). His "Triumphs of Temper," a poem in six cantos (1781), was perhaps the most popular of his poetical works. Among his other writings are an "Essay on Painting" (1778), "Essay on History "(1781), "Essay on Old Maids" (1785), and the "Life and Poetical Works of Milton " (1794).
William Hemy Bartlett, an English artist and author, born in London, March 26, 1809, died at sea in September, 1854. He was apprenticed to John Britton the antiquary, and employed by him as a draughtsman. He travelled extensively at home and abroad, repeatedly visiting the East and the American continent, and engraved nearly 1,000 plates from his drawings, with descriptions written by himself, by his fellow traveller William Beattie, and by other hands. The text of his "Beauties of the Bos-phorus" (London, 1840) was furnished by Miss Pardoe, and that of "American Scenery" (2 vols., 1840) and of "Scenery and-Antiquities of Ireland" (2 vols., 1842) by N. P. Willis. His works on Switzerland, Egypt, and the Holy Land were the most popular, a 4th vol. of his "Footsteps of our Lord and his Apostles" appearing in 1856. A brief memoir of his life, by Beattie, was published in London in 1855.
William Henry, an English chemist, born in Manchester, Dec. 12, 1775, died Sept, 2, 1836. He studied under Dr. Black of Edinburgh. Though he practised in Manchester as a physician, he gave particular attention to chemistry. In 1803 he published the law "that water takes up of gas condensed by one, two, or more additional atmospheres, a quantity which would be equal to twice, thrice, etc, the volume absorbed under the common pressure of the atmosphere." His "Elements of Experimental Chemistry" (2 vols., London, 1810) reached its 11th edition in 1829.
William Henry Burleigh, an American author and journalist, born at Woodstock, Conn., Feb. 2, 1812, died in Brooklyn, N. Y., March 18,1871. At the age of 17 he was apprenticed to a printer, and worked at his trade till 1833, when he became editor of the " Literary Gazette," Schenectady, N. Y., subsequently of the " Christian Witness," Pittsburgh, Penn., "The Charter Oak," Hartford, Conn., and the "Washington Banner." He also contributed prose and verse to several periodicals, and in 1840 issued a volume of poems. He was an early and prominent advocate of the anti-slavery cause. - Of his brothers, George S. has published "The Maniac and other Poems" (1849), and Charles C, a lecturer, "Thoughts on the Death-Penalty " (1845).
William Henry Fox Talbot, an English author, born at Chippenham, Wiltshire, Feb. 11, 1800. He was educated at Harrow and Cambridge, represented the liberal interest of Chippenham in the first reform parliament, 1832-'4, and became high sheriff of Wiltshire in 1840. In 1833 he began the experiments winch in 1840 resulted in the discovery which laid the foundation for the photographic art. (See Photography.) For this discovery he received in 1842 the medal of the royal society; and although he patented his process, he left it open to the public. Of late years he has devoted himself to deciphering cuneiform inscriptions. He has published "Legendary Tales in Verse and Prose " (London, 1830); " Hermes, or Classical and Antiquarian Researches" (2 parts, 1838-'9); "Antiquity of the Book of Genesis " (1839); " The Pencil of Nature," in which he details his experiments and discoveries in photography (6 parts, 1844-6); and "English Etymologies" (1846).