See Pigeon, vol. xiii., p. 506.
See Zodiacal Light.
Zoilus, an ancient critic, a native of Amphipolis or Ephesus, who flourished about the middle of the 4th century B. C. He assailed the poems of Homer on account of the introduction of fabulous and incredible stories, and from this fact received the name of Homeromastix. Plato and Isocrates came also under his lash, and his writings were so marked by illiberality and asperity, that in ancient times his name had become proverbial for a captious and malignant pretender to criticism. Dionysius of Halicarnassus, however, ranks him among the best critics. Nothing has been preserved of his works except eight titles.
Zolyom (Ger. Som), a county of K "W. Hungary, in the Cis-Danubian circle, bordering on Lipto, Gomor, Hont, Bars, and Tur6cz; area, about 1,100 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 101,958, chiefly Slovaks. It is traversed by branches of the Carpathian mountains, and by the river Gran, which receives the Szalatna and numerous small rivers. The climate is cold, yet grain and some wine, flax, and hemp are produced, and cattle and sheep abound. Silver, gold, copper, iron, sulphur, vitriol, and coal are found, and there are many mineral springs. Cloth, linen, leather, and brandy are made, and cheese is largely exported. The capital is Neusohl (Hun. Besztercze-Bdnyd).
Zombor, a city of Hungary, capital of the county of Bacs, on a wide plain near the Francis canal, which connects the Danube with the Theiss, 120 m. S. of Pesth; pop. in 1870, 24,309, mostly Serbs. It has a United Greek bishop, several churches, a public library, an orthodox Greek normal school, fine county and town halls, and a large trade in grain and cattle.
Zoology (Gr. An Animal And Discourse), the science which treats of the natural history and classification of the animal kingdom. Its various subdivisions, from Aristotle to Agassiz, have been noticed under many heads, the principal of which are Amphibia, Animal, Animalcules, Annelida, Arachnida, Articulata, Crustacea, Entomology, EntoZOA, Ethnology, Herpetology, Ichthyology, Invertedrata Malacology, Mammalia, Ornithology, Polyp, Spider, and Vertebrata. The distinguishing characters will be found under the several classes, orders, and families, and under Birds, Comparative Anatomy, Fishes, Insects, Mollusca, and Reptiles. Cuvier's and Agassiz's systems of classification may be found in the article Animal.
Zoophytes (Gr. An Animal And Vy A Plant), a term formerly applied to all plantlike animals, including anthozoa and hryozoa. The latter are now known to belong to the molluscoids, by Prof. Morse placed among the tubicolous worms; the former, or zoophytes proper, so called from the flower-like expansion of the tentacles, are synonymous with polyps, the lowest class of radiates, and include the actinoids and halcyonoids of Dana. The zoophytes have been sufficiently described under Coral and Polyp; the sea anemone, one of the largest, most common, and most beautiful in northern waters, has been noticed under Actinia. Zoophytes bear a strong external resemblance to flowers, and by older naturalists were in many instances mistaken for marine plants; but they are true animals.