Bulow. I. Friedrich Wilhelm, baron von, count of Dennewitz, a Prussian soldier, born on the family estate of Falkenberg, in the Alt-mark, Feb. 16, 1755, died in Konigsberg, Feb. 25, 1816. He entered the army in 1769, and in 1813 was lieutenant general on the opening of the war of independence against Napoleon. At Grossbeeren he achieved his second victory over Oudinot, and near Dennewitz, Sept. 6, commanding under Bernadotte, he defeated Ney, for which the king made him grand knight of the Iron Cross. At the close of the battle of Leipsic, Oct. 19, he was foremost in storming the gates of the city. He drove most of the French out of Belgium and Holland, and effected a junction with Bliicher in Champagne, March 4, 1814, after having captured Lafere and Soissons. He had a prominent share in the victory near Laon, took Compiegne, and held the Montmartre while the allied troops entered Paris. For these achievements he was made general of infantry and count of Dennewitz, with estates valued at 200,000 thalers. He contributed essentially to the victory of Waterloo, by bringing up the 4th corps, in forced marches, to reenforce Bliicher; and Wellington fully acknowledged his services. He was equally accomplished in the theory and practice of military science,and was respected for his virtues.
Frederick William III. erected in Berlin a marble statue in honor of his memory. Varnhagen von Ense wrote Leben des Generals Grafen Bulow von Dennewitz (Berlin, 1854). II. Adam Heinrich Dietrich, baron von, a military writer, brother of the preceding, born at Falkenberg about 1757, died probably in Riga in 1807. He was educated at the military academy in Berlin. After having acted with the insurgents in the Netherlands against Joseph II., he devoted himself in Germany to the stage, and twice visited the United States. He was unsuccessful in a business speculation, and after his return to Germany published a very unfavorable account of this country, Der Freistaat von Nordamerika in seinem neuesten Zustande (2 vols., Berlin, 1797). His principal publication is his anonymous Oeist des neuen Kriegssystems (Hamburg, 1799; 3d enlarged ed., 1835), from which he hoped for official employment. Not obtaining this, he engaged in a newspaper enterprise in London, where he failed, and was imprisoned for debt until his brother the general came to his relief.
He next led a restless life in France, from which he was expelled in 1804. He was afterward imprisoned in Berlin and Kolberg, at the request of the Russian government, which had taken umbrage at the personalities of his Geschichte des Feldzugs von 1805 (2 vols., Berlin, 1806), and was eventually surrendered to the Russians. He wrote many other military works, contributed to military periodicals, and published Leben des Prinz-en Heinrich von Preussen (2 vols., Berlin, 1806). His father became a Swedenborgian in the latter part of his life, and Baron Adam left a posthumous work on Swedenborgianism, Nunc permissum est: Coup d'ceil sur la doctrine de la nouvelle Eglise chretienne (Kolberg, 1809).