Caceres. I. A W. Province Of Spain, forming the N. part of Estremadura; area, 8,006 sq. m.; pop. in 1867 (estimated), 303,700. The norths ern portion is a picturesque mountain land, rich in water and woods; the south is a plateau covered with pastures; between them the Tagus flows through a valley containing extensive oak forests. The chief towns are Ca-ceres, the capital, Trujillo, Guadalupe, Alcantara, and Plasencia. II. A city (anc. Ccecilia Castro), capital of the province, situated on elevated ground 24 m. W. of Trujillo, with which it is connected by a causeway, and 148 m. S. W. of Madrid; pop. about 14,000. The old town, on the summit of a hill, is surrounded by a strong wall with five gates. The newer and more important part is built around the old town, and contains a handsome square, a college, convents, an episcopal palace, a place for bull fights, many fine buildings, and numerous manufactories. The city was founded by Q. Csecilius Metellus in 142 B. C. It was taken from the Moors by Alfonso of Castile in 1142, and having been recaptured by them, was again taken in 1184 by Ferdinand II. of Leon. Roman and Moorish antiquities are found there.