Cambridgeshire, an E. county of England, bordering on the counties of Lincoln, Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Hertford, Bedford, Huntingdon, and Northampton; area, 893 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 186,363. About three fourths of the county consists of arable land, meadow, and pasture, the remainder being fens. The upper greensands, which crop out near the surface in some places, furnish an abundance of the fossils called coprolites, which are of great value as manure. In the higher parts the land produces fine crops of beans and wheat; cattle and sheep thrive on the thin chalky soils, and on the fens; the fens also, when drained, produce abundant crops. The general aspect of the county is flat; in fact, it has been redeemed for agricultural purposes, and includes part of the great Bedford level. The rivers are the Ouse, the Nene, the Lark, and the Cam, all small, but rendered useful for inland navigation. The county is traversed by several railways and main roads, but the internal traffic is inconsiderable. Capital, Cambridge. - The early history of Cambridgeshire is interesting for the resistance offered by the Saxons in the isle of Ely to the Normans. They succeeded for a considerable time in maintaining their independence against William the Conqueror. In the civil wars Cambridgeshire was favorable to the parliament, while the university supported the king.