Cantal, a S. department of France, mostly formed of the S. part of ancient Auvergne, bounded N. by the department of Puy-de-Dome, E. by Haute-Loire and Lozere, S. by Aveyron, and W. by Lot and Correze; area, 2,212 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 231,687. It is nearly covered with mountains of volcanic origin; the highest summit is the Plomb du Cantal, from which the department takes its name. The chief rivers are the Dordogne, Alagnon, and Truyere. The climate is severe, the snow generally lying on the mountains for several months together. The principal agricultural portion of the department is on a level plateau between Murat and St. Flour. Chestnuts abound and are largely used for food. Great quantities of butter and cheese are produced. There are a few factories of coarse woollens and linens, coarse lace, copper and brass, etc. Many natives of the department annually emigrate in search of employment. These are generally known as Auvergnats, and distinguished for thrift and industry. The department is divided into the arrondissements of Aurillac, Mauriac, Murat, and St. Flour. Capital, Aurillac.